Red Cloud (Oglala Sioux), Sitting Bull (actually Hunkpapa, not Miniconjou Sioux), Swift Bear (Arapaho), and Spotted Tail (Brule Sioux)... and Julius Meyer. Taken by Frank F. Currier, Omaha. Indian_Chiefs_1875.jpg (1512×1887)
Black Elk (Oglala Sioux) 1863-1950. Black Elk experienced a vision at age nine that led to his becoming a medicine man renowned for his spiritual and healing powers. He participated in the Custer battle, the Ghost Dance religion and the Wounded Knee massacre. One of the most important books ever written about Native spirituality, "Black Elk Speaks: The Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux" has become the "bible" for young Indians, who look to it for spiritual guidance.
Thomas American Horse, Oglala Sioux, by Heyn Photo, 1899 Pinned by indus® in honor of the indigenous people of North America who have influenced our indigenous medicine and spirituality by virtue of their being a member of a tribe from the Western Region through the Plains including the beginning of time until tomorrow.
Paha Ska, of Keystone, S.D., an Elder of the Oglala Sioux tribe from the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, holds an original Peace Medal which were given out by the Lewis and Clark Expedition to Native American leaders between 1804-06.