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from Smithsonian

The Man Who Wrote the Pledge of Allegiance

Originally composed by Francis Bellamy in 1892 and formally adopted by Congress as the pledge in 1942

The original Pledge of Allegiance was written in August 1892 by the baptist minister Francis Bellamy. Bellamy had hoped the pledge would be used by citizens in any country. It originally contained the phrase "my flag." This caused concern that some would pledge to the flag of their native countries, so in 1923 the words "the Flag of the United States of America" were added. In 1954, President Eisenhower encouraged Congress to add the words "under God," creating the pledge we say today.

How about a lesson in word choice! Oct 12, 1892. The original version of the Pledge of Allegiance is first recited in public schools to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Columbus' landing

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I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, for Liberty and Justice for All.