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King Olaf II Haraldsson of Norway (also known as St. Olaf.). He ruled over Norway in the early 11th century. Even though today Norway is a Protestant country (Lutheranism) Olaf was confirmed a saint of the Catholic church by Pope Alexander III in 1164 (Protestantism arrived in Scandinavia in the 16th century). Olaf was killed in the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030.

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Christmas celebrations in Sweden begin with the feast of St. Lucia on the 13th of December. Lucia is the patron saint of light and she is honored on this day. In homes that still observe th

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Saint Lucia's Day - St. Lucy lost her eyes in her martyrdom. To me, she is the patron saint of seeing with your heart, and not your eyes.

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Bunad of Oslo, Norway. Since Oslo was a town, there was no bunad in that area until 1947. The design Is therefore not an old or very traditional one as in many of the other parts of Norway. Spring flowers are the main motif. The purse has St. Halvard, the patron saint of Oslo embroidered as its motif. Notice the traditional Norwegian silver brooch on her chest.

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St. Lucia Buns. In Sweden and Norway no cinnamon or nutmeg is used in the bun, and raisins are used instead of currants. The buns are baked into many traditional shapes, of which the simplest is a reversed S-shape. They are traditionally eaten during Advent, and especially on Saint Lucy's Day, December 13. In addition to Sweden, they are also prepared and eaten in much the same way in Finland.

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July 29 Olaf, King of Norway, martyr, died 1030 Considered the patron saint of Norway, Olaf went from a life of piracy to becoming Christian and declaring himself king of Norway. He revised the laws and tried to administer them fairly. Driven from Norway in a rebellion, he was killed in battle trying to regain his kingdom..

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Nidaros Cathedral is a Church of Norway cathedral located in the city of Trondheim in Norway and is built over the burial site of Saint Olav, the king of Norway in the 11th century, the patron saint of the nation. It is the traditional location for the consecration of the King of Norway. It was built from 1070 to 1300 and after the Protestant Reformation, it was taken from the Roman Catholics by the Lutheran Church in 1537. It is the northernmost medieval cathedral in the world.

Nidarosdomen Cathedral is Norway's national sanctuary, and was built over the grave of St. Olav, Norway's patron saint. Construction started in 1070. From around 1050 until the Reformation this was an important destination for pilgrims. I took this photo early in the morning in the beginning of October last year. I think the arts and ornaments are magnificent. The photo is taken with my Canon 6D, and I used the 16 - 35 mm lens, shot at 16 mm. ISO 100. f/3.5 and 1/20 second exposure.