# Paul Dirac

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac 1933 Born: 8 August 1902, Bristol, United Kingdom Died: 20 October 1984, Tallahassee, FL, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom Prize motivation: "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory" Field: Quantum mechanics

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Introduction to quantum mechanics From above and from left to right: Max Planck, Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, Louis de Broglie, Max Born, Paul Dirac, Werner Heisenberg, Wolfgang Pauli, Erwin Schrödinger, Richard Feynman.

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The equation was discovered in the late 1920s by physicist Paul Dirac. It remains highly influential. It brought together two of the most important ideas in science: quantum mechanics, which describes the behaviour of tiny objects; and Einstein's special theory of relativity, which describes the behaviour of fast-moving objects. As a result, Dirac's equation describes how particles like electrons behave when they travel close to the speed of light.

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Paul Dirac One of the most revered – and strangest – figures in physics. The son of a Swiss father and English mother, Dirac (1902-84) was born in Bristol. He predicted the existence of antimatter, created some of quantum mechanics’ key equations and laid the foundations for today’s micro-electronics industry. Dirac won a Nobel in 1933.

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English physicist Paul Dirac is known as one of the greatest physicists in history. His contributions laid the groundwork for quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics. He formulated quantum field theory after reworking his own Dirac equation as a many-body equation. The work predicted the existence of antimatter and matter–antimatter annihilation. Dirac was the first physicist to devise quantum electrodynamics. He also discovered the magnetic monopole solutions.

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