The Peasants' Revolt, also called Wat Tyler's Rebellion or the Great Rising, was a major uprising across large parts of England in 1381. The revolt had various causes, including the economic and political tensions generated by the Black Death in the 1340s, the high taxes resulting from the conflict with France during the Hundred Years War, and instability within the local leadership of London.
15 July 1381 – John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, is hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of King Richard II of England, his head subsequently stuck on a pike on London Bridge.
Skull of Simon of Sudbury, who met a grisly end when insurgents stormed the Tower of London during the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. They dragged him from his chamber to Tower Hill, struck off his head and placed it on a spike on Tower Bridge.