The 1733 slave insurrection on St. John in the Danish West Indies, (now St. John, United States Virgin Islands) started on November 23, 1733 when African slaves from Akwamu revolted against the owners and managers of the island’s plantations. The slave rebellion was one of the earliest and longest slave revolts in the Americas. The Akwamu slaves captured the fort in Coral Bay and took control of most of the island, intending to resume crop production under their own control and use other…
The Gullah trace their heritage directly to the skilled rice farmers of Sierra Leone, West Africa. They were enslaved for these skills and forced to work on rice plantations in South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The swampy conditions made it uncomfortable for the plantation owners so they left the Gullah people mostly unattended. The isolation allowed Gullah dialect, customs and art to survive undiluted for 100 years. One of the hallmark's of Gullah culture is sweet grass basket "sewing."
Mahala Lynch Davis, married her former slave owner Isaac P. Davis in 1857. On the right is their daughter Martha Davis Wilson (b. 1848) holding her baby Julia Wilson (Car). Davis freed Mahala and then married her moving from his former Virginia plantation to Chilicothe, southern Ohio. Many free Blacks, former plantation owners, and former slaves including 2 of Thomas Jefferson's mulatto children moved to towns in southern Ohio during antebellum times.
These children were evicted legally--though at gunpoint--from their homes on the Dibble plantation near Parkin Arkansas, in January 1936. Plantation owners charged, and the court agreed, that because the parents belonged to the Southern Tenant Farmers Union, they were engaged in "a conspiracy to retain their homes." These families lived by the side of the road until they were moved to a tent colony. Photo by John Vachon.
When seven-year-old Irish orphan Lavinia is transported to Virginia to work in the kitchen of a wealthy plantation owner, she is absorbed into the life of the kitchen house and becomes part of the family of black slaves whose fates are tied to the plantation. But Lavinia's skin will always set her apart, whether she wishes it or not. More
"Gens de Coleur Libres" Free People of Color New Orleans has a rich and significant legacy of being a city that once had 10's of thousands of Free Blacks, also known as "Gens de Coleur Libres". This rich and thriving Afro-French community was a noteworthy class of people. They were land owners, doctors, teachers, business owners, plantations owners, and artists. This unique social development can be attributed to the tradition of French colonialism.