Federal Court Blocks Texas Voter ID Law, Calling It A 'Poll Tax': “The evidence in this case demonstrated that the law, like its poll tax ancestor, imposes real costs, and unjustified, disparate burdens on the voting rights of more than 600,000 registered Texas voters, a substantial percentage of whom are voters of color," Haygood said. "That result is precisely what the Voting Rights Act was enacted to outlaw."
On March 24, 1966 the US Supreme Court ruled in Harper v Virginia that the poll tax was unconstitutional in state elections, reversing a 1937 decision by the court in Breedlove v Suttles. The 24th Amendment, ratified in 1964, had outlawed the poll tax in Federal elections. #TodayInBlackHistory
Poll Tax receipt, 1957. Even if they were able to overcome the numerous hurdles designed to deny them the right to vote, African Americans were required to pay back poll taxes. The sum was often beyond the means of the poor to pay. Rosa Parks secured the right to vote in the 1940s after at least two failed attempts to register. This receipt is for her annual poll tax in 1957