Pompeii - a partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei. Along with Herculaneum, Pompeii was partially destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79.
Pompeii and Herculaneum were two ancient Italian cities that were not slowly buried beneath the sands of time. They were instead entombed beneath tons of rock and ash blasted out of nearby Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79. Many inhabitants fled toward the Mediterranean seafront. Dr. Sara Bisel found human beings frozen in positions of terror, though turned to ash, and skeletons still garbed in jewelry and wrapped protectively around the bones of their children