Pope Leo X (1475-1521) (Pope from 1513-1521) was the first of the four Medici popes. Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, he was a great patron of the arts including artists like Raphael and MIchelangelo. His selling of indulgences led Martin Luther to post his 95 Thesis, sparking the Protestant Reformation. This famous portrait with Caridnal Giulio de' Medici (later Pope Clement VII) in the background was painted by Raphael.
Leo X Papacy began 9 March 1513 (elected) 11 March 1513 (proclaimed) Papacy ended 1 December 1521 Predecessor Julius II Successor Adrian VI Orders Consecration 17 March 1513 by Raffaele Sansone Riario Created Cardinal 26 March 1492 Personal details Birth name Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Born 11 December 1475 Florence, Republic of Florence Died 1 December 1521 (aged 45) Rome, Papal States
Pope Leo X (1513-1521), formerly Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici (1475-1521). Became head of the Medici family after Piero's death. He was the youngest Cardinal ever. He was faced with Martin Luther in Germany. He made many enemies, also amongst cardinals. Spend more money than he had.
Pope Leo X, born to the Medici Dynasty, was Pope from 1513 to his death in 1521. The 2nd heir of Lorenzo the Magnificent, ruler of the Florentine Republic, he was elevated to the cardinalate in 1489. Following the death of Pope Julius II, Leo was elected pope after securing the backing of the younger members of the Sacred College. In 1517, Leo led a costly war that succeeded in securing a member of his dynasty as duke of Urbino, but which damaged the papal finances.
Pope Leo X 1475 – 1521. Pope from 1513 to his death in 1521. Was born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, He is known for starting indulgences.(paying catholic for forgiveness of your sins) and the writing the Exsurge Domine challenging of Martin Luther 95 Theses. This was all a plan to show publicly an argument between the differing sides. This way catholic’s chose to create their own rebellion, one that could be more easily controlled and directed.