The Qianlong Emperor (Chinese: 乾隆帝), 25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper. The fourth son of the Yongzheng Emperor, he reigned officially from 11 October 1735 to 8 February 1796. On 8 February, he abdicated in favor of his son, the Jiaqing Emperor – a filial act in order not to reign longer than his grandfather, the illustrious Kangxi Emperor.
The Qianlong Emperor Viewing Paintings, 1746—c.1750, by Giuseppe Castiglione (Chinese name Lang Shining, 1688—1766) and Ding Guanpeng (fl.c. 1738—1768). Hanging scroll, ink and colour on paper. The Palace Museum, Beijing.
Scenic Sites in the Qianlong Emperor’s Southern Inspection Tour, 19th century. Qing dynasty (1644–1911). China. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Gift of John C. Ferguson, 1913 (13.220.134) | This work is featured in our “Painting with Threads” exhibition, on view through March 29, 2015 #AsianArt100
The Kangxi Emperor (Chinese: 康熙帝),(4 May 1654 –20 December 1722) was the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Pass (Beijing) and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1661 to 1722.Kangxi's reign of 61 years makes him the longest-reigning Chinese emperor in history (although his grandson, the Qianlong Emperor, had the longest period of de facto power) and one of the longest-reigning rulers in the world.