Boyle, Robert (1627 - 1691): was a 17th-century natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor, also noted for his writings in theology. He has been variously described as Irish, English and Anglo-Irish, his father having come to Ireland from England during the time of the Plantations.
Robert Boyle (1627-1691) has been called the Father of Modern Chemistry. In 1654, Boyle joined a small group of scientists, mathematicians, philosophers, and physicians who met weekly in Oxford and London. In 1662 the group was chartered as the Royal Society, with Boyle as a founding member. That same year, he formulated Boyle's Law. He also developed the vacuum pump and was the first scientist to perform controlled experiments—a founder of the modern scientific method.