Robert Edwin Peary, Sr. was an American explorer who claimed to have led the first expedition, on April 6, 1909, to reach the geographic North Pole. Peary's claim was widely credited for most of the 20th century, rather than the competing claim by Frederick Cook who said he got there a year earlier. Both claims were widely debated in newspapers until 1913; modern historians generally think Cook did not reach the pole, and there are grave doubts that Peary did.

Robert Edwin Peary, Sr. was an American explorer who claimed to have led the first expedition, on April 6, 1909, to reach the geographic North Pole. Peary's claim was widely credited for most of the 20th century, rather than the competing claim by Frederick Cook who said he got there a year earlier. Both claims were widely debated in newspapers until 1913; modern historians generally think Cook did not reach the pole, and there are grave doubts that Peary did.

Explorer Robert Peary (1856 - 1920) appears in his arctic parka in this postcard issued in London in 1909.

Explorer Robert Peary (1856 - 1920) appears in his arctic parka in this postcard issued in London in 1909.

Matthew Henson was an accomplished African-American explorer who, along with Robert Peary, was one the first men to reach the North Pole.

Matthew Henson was an accomplished African-American explorer who, along with Robert Peary, was one the first men to reach the North Pole.

1909 | CANADA - National Geographic funded Cmdr. Robert E. Peary’s 1909 expedition to the North Pole. Whether Peary and his assistant, Matthew Henson, reached the Pole or not, they came closer to that goal than anyone before them. (Photo © Robert E. Peary Collection, NGS)

125 Years of National Geographic

1909 | CANADA - National Geographic funded Cmdr. Robert E. Peary’s 1909 expedition to the North Pole. Whether Peary and his assistant, Matthew Henson, reached the Pole or not, they came closer to that goal than anyone before them. (Photo © Robert E. Peary Collection, NGS)

Matthew Henson and Admiral Robert Peary reach the North Pole. Matthew Alexander Henson was an African American explorer and associate of Robert Peary on various expeditions, the most famous being a 1909 expedition during which he was the 1st person to reach the Geographic North Pole. REACHING THE NO...Matthew Henson and Admiral Robert Peary reach the North Pole. Matthew Alexander Henson was an African American explorer and associate of Robert Peary on various expeditions, the most famous…

Matthew Henson and Admiral Robert Peary reach the North Pole. Matthew Alexander Henson was an African American explorer and associate of Robert Peary on various expeditions, the most famous being a 1909 expedition during which he was the 1st person to reach the Geographic North Pole. REACHING THE NO...Matthew Henson and Admiral Robert Peary reach the North Pole. Matthew Alexander Henson was an African American explorer and associate of Robert Peary on various expeditions, the most famous…

Matthew Henson was the exploration partner of Robert Peary who help make the famous first trip to the north pole back in the early part of the 20th century. Mr. Henson was a skilled dog sled driver and may have been the first man to reach the geographic destination back in 1909 but Robert Peary was widely accredited for the feat. The African American Explorer would eventually move to Harlem at the Dunbar Apartments at 149th Street between 7th and 8th Avenue until he passed away in 1955.

Matthew Henson was the exploration partner of Robert Peary who help make the famous first trip to the north pole back in the early part of the 20th century. Mr. Henson was a skilled dog sled driver and may have been the first man to reach the geographic destination back in 1909 but Robert Peary was widely accredited for the feat. The African American Explorer would eventually move to Harlem at the Dunbar Apartments at 149th Street between 7th and 8th Avenue until he passed away in 1955.

Robert Peary in the Arctic. Under order to observe tides for C&GS during North Pole expedition.

Robert Peary in the Arctic. Under order to observe tides for C&GS during North Pole expedition.

Matthew Henson & Robert Peary (Famous Firsts) by Terry Ba... https://www.amazon.ca/dp/B01KMS7RBE/ref=cm_sw_r_pi_dp_x_QG7.ybMPV4EFM

Matthew Henson & Robert Peary (Famous Firsts) by Terry Ba... https://www.amazon.ca/dp/B01KMS7RBE/ref=cm_sw_r_pi_dp_x_QG7.ybMPV4EFM

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