June 16, 1963: Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova became the first woman to fly in space. She flew aboard Vostok 6 and completed nearly 50 orbits of the Earth during the approximately three days she spent in space.
The Russian Space Station MIR operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001 it served as a microgravity research laboratory in which crews conducted experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology and spacecraft systems in order to develop technologies required for the permanent occupation of space. A hell-hole to be sure, by all accounts.
Russia's Manned Soyuz Space Capsule Explained (Infographic) by Karl Tate, SPACE.com Infographics Artist, Russia's workhorse Soyuz spacecraft have been flying for nearly 45 years, ferrying first cosmonauts into orbit, then branching out to launch NASA astronauts and spaceflyers from many countries on trips to the International Space Station.