Detail of a marble Bust of Athena, c. 2nd century AD, courtesy Art Institute of Chicago (photo by Erika Dufour) _

Detail of a marble Bust of Athena, c. 2nd century AD, courtesy Art Institute of Chicago (photo by Erika Dufour) _

The Augustus of Prima Porta, a statue of Augustus Caesar found in the villa of his wife Livia.

Sculpture vs. Painting

The Augustus of Prima Porta, a statue of Augustus Caesar found in the villa of his wife Livia.

A mosaic preserved in Zippori (Sephoris) National Park in Israel, site of excellent Roman ruins and mosaics.

A mosaic preserved in Zippori (Sephoris) National Park in Israel, site of excellent Roman ruins and mosaics.

Before the Empire, the Romans produced the best portrait sculpture that the world has ever seen.  Look at this face and you feel like you know this man in all his broken humanity.

Before the Empire, the Romans produced the best portrait sculpture that the world has ever seen. Look at this face and you feel like you know this man in all his broken humanity.

Anónimo Roman Fresco  --  "A Rook"  --  Excavated from #Pompeii.  No further reference provided.

Anónimo Roman Fresco -- "A Rook" -- Excavated from #Pompeii. No further reference provided.

Gaius Julius Ceaser played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.

Gaius Julius Ceaser played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.

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