Three little Roma (Gypsy) boys comfort one another in front of a unit of German soldiers. The location and date are unknown, possibly France or Poland. The image was most likely taken during a deportation round up to a concentration camp or ghetto. The genocide of Gypsies during the war is called the Porajmos, which means the “devouring” or the ”destruction" in the Romani language. Unknown date and location (possibly France or Poland). Europe. Circa 1940-1944.
Migration of the Romani language patterns across Europe from northcentral India. Seven variations are distinct enough to be considered separate languages - Vlax Romani, Balkan Romani, Carpathian Romani, and Sinte Romani being the largest groups, while Para-Romani dialects merge with Romance languages. Romani is considered Northwest Indo-Aryan, or New Indo-Aryan.
In 1350, Ludolphus of Sudheim mentioned a people with a unique language whom he called Mandapolos, a word which some theorize was possibly derived from the Greek word mantes (meaning prophet or fortune teller).
Unlike the Romani, these are not separate ethnic groups but have formed as separate classes within the sedentary majority; they do not have an entirely separate language, but they developed specialized jargon (known as cant or argot). In German-speaking Europe, France and Wallonia, there are the Jenische or Yeniche (in German and French spelling, respectively). This group is descended from Scottish Travellers..
Irish Travellers in 1946. They are often referred to by the terms tinkers, knackers or itinerants in Ireland, while in other countries the term gypsies or didicoy is used to describe the community. Travellers refer to themselves as Minceir or Pavees in their own language or in Irish as an Lucht Siúil, meaning literally "the walking people".