The No. 2857 bus on which Rosa Parks was riding on December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama when she was arrested for her refusal to give up her seat to a white person which sparked the Civil Rights Movement.
Rosa Parks was asked to move to the back of the bus where black people were expected to sit, by the whites. When she refused, police became involved, essentially leading to her arrest. Rosa Parks is a true Civil Rights leader, due to her strength and bravery. This arrest eventually led to the Montgomery Bus Boycotts, where African Americans did not use the buses, but walked instead.
ROSA PARKS - received national recognition, including the NAACP's 1979 Spingarn Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Gold Medal, and a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol's National Statuary Hall. Upon her death in 2005, she was the first woman and second non-U.S. government official to lie in honor at the Capitol Rotunda.