The second battle of Ypres was the first time people (German)used chlorine gas as a weapon. Germans had on gas masks(which they invented)when they used chlorine gas as a grenade. This weapon was illegal in war and if you were caught with it you would be killed. 6,000 people died of suffer-cation due to gas or from the ensuing attack. The interesting fact is that although the Germans were unfair the Canadians held their ground and never lost to Them.
Photo taken in 1915, Ypres salient, 1st Canadian Division front. On the left is Capt. William H. Clark-Kennedy of the 13th Battalion. The officer on the right is Capt. Cecil M. Merritt, of the 16th Battalion, who was killed during the fighting at Kitchener's Wood during the Second Battle of Ypres in April 1915. Clark-Kennedy would win the V.C. at the Battle of Arras in August 1918. #RememberThem
Wet and muddied, English prisoners of war are assembled in a Belgian courtyard shortly after their arrival from the battlefields near Ypres, sometime around April 1915. The Second Battle of Ypres was fought in the Spring of 1915 and it was during this battle, the Germans used poisonous gas for the first time on the Western Front. Prior to this they had been gassing Russians on the Eastern Front with some success.
A soldier with "Sammy", the mascot of 1/4th Battalion, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers. This dog went to France with the unit in April 1915, was wounded in the Second Battle of Ypres, and also gassed on Whit Monday, 1915. He was with the battalion in the trenches and injured by shell fire on several occasions. The dog was also with the battalion during the Somme offensive. Photographer - Lieutenant Ernest Brooks
Today is the Centenary of the start of the Second Battle of Ypres and a hundred years since the first use of poison gas on the battlefields of the Great War. Poison gas was a weapon outlawed under the Hague Convention but by 1915 the Germans viewed the conflict as a ‘Total War’ and that every weapon was justifiable for victory; there was also belief that the Allies had gas weapons too and it was just a matter of time before they were implemented.
This group of CEF originals are from the 1st Canadian Brigade Canadian Engineers, part of the 1st Canadian Division. They are photographed in camp on Salisbury Plain where the CEF was in final training to be sent overseas. Within a few months these men were in the trenches in Flanders and in April 1915 they would be heavily involved in the Second Battle of Ypres, when poison gas was used for the first time.