RUSSIAN SPACE FIRSTS ~ Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (1907-1966) is widely regarded as the founder of the Soviet space program. He led the development of the world's first ballistic missile, known today as the R-7, which became a base for a long-lasting family of space boosters, carrying Russian cosmonauts into orbit for decades to come.
Sergei Korolev (1906 - 1966) Rocket Designer, Engineer, Space Pioneer. He was the head of the Soviet Space Program during the 1950s and 1960s, overseeing the Sputnik, Luna, Verena, Vostok and Soyuz space missions.
Soviet rocket-scientist Sergei Korolev and the dog Laika, the first living creature to be sent into outer space. Laika was placed in the nose-cone of the R-7 rocket and died six hours after being launched into orbit.