Sept - Oct 1781, The Battle of Yorktown, also known as the Siege of Yorktown. General George Washington's defeat of Lord Cornwallis's British army, causing the British to surrender and ending the American Revolutionary War. The British were being defeated by the American colonists, causing the British government to negotiate an end to the American Revolution, giving colonists their freedom.
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis KG, known as The Earl Cornwallis between 1762 & 1792, was a British Army officer & colonial administrator. In the U. S. he is best remembered as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American & French force at the Siege of Yorktown ended significant hostilities in North America.
The Siege of Yorktown, Oct 19, 1781, was a decisive victory by a combined assault of American forces led by Gen George Washington and French forces led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by Lt General Lord Cornwallis. The culmination of the Yorktown campaign, it proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War in North America, as the surrender of Cornwallis' army prompted the British government eventually to negotiate an end to the conflict.
The Battle of Yorktown was the last battle in the Revolutionary War. American and French hit Yorktown, the British and Lord Cornwallis had no way out. On October 19, 1781 Lord Cornwallis surrendered and that was the end of the war.
General George Washington: "the Citizens of America (with a few legal and official exceptions) from 18 to 50 Years of Age should be borne on the Militia Rolls, provided with uniform Arms, and so far accustomed to the use of them, that the Total strength of the Country might be called forth at Short Notice on any very interesting Emergency." In a letter to Alexander Hamilton (2 May 1783); published in The Writings of George Washington (1938), edited by John C. Fitzpatrick, Vol. 26, p. 289.
John James Peck (January 4, 1821-April 21, 1878) was a United States soldier who fought in the Mexican-American War and American Civil War. He served in the siege of Yorktown, and distinguished himself in the battles of Williamsburg and Fair Oaks. Peck was born in Manlius, New York.