A portrait of William Of Orange. By Adriaen Thomasz Key, 1580. Also widely known as William the Silent, main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish that resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648. Born in the House of Nassau as Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, became Prince of Orange in 1544.Founder of the branch House of Orange-Nassau, ancestor of the monarchy of the Netherlands.
Frans Pourbus the Younger, detail of the full length portrait in the Royal Collection - Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (1566–1633), Archduchess of Austria - ruled the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries, and the north of modern France, together with her husband Albert, whom she married at the age 33.