Mammoth tusk hut. In 1965, four mammoth bone huts were found in Mezhirich (central Ukraine) by a farmer who was digging a cellar. These dwellings dated back 15,000 years ago and had a total of 149 bones in the construction.
The main frame of the roundhouse would have been made of upright timbers, which were interwoven with coppiced wood - usually hazel, oak, ash or pollarded willow - to make wattle walls. This was then covered with a daub made from clay, soil, straw and animal manure that would weatherproof the house. The roof was constructed from large timbers and densely thatched. All of the domestic life would have occurred within the roundhouse.
Bronze Age (2000 BC - 800 BC) settlement, Jarlshof, Scotland. On one site, visitors can see overlapping examples of housing from the Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Pictish, Norse and Medieval eras, right the way through to the 1600s. The settlement lies on Shetland, Scotland, a subarctic archipelago about 70 miles northeast of mainland Britain.