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Anticholinergic: low potency antipsychotics, oxybutinin, ipratropium Cholinergic: ACh antagonists (atropine, scopolamine), AChEIs (organophosphates) Opioid: Morphine, heroin, hydromorphone, etc Sympathomimetic: epinephrine, cocaine, amphetamine (Aderol), methylphenidate (Ritalin) Sedative-Hypnotic: Benzodiazepines, barbituates, “Z-drugs” (zopiclone, zolpidem), antihistamines

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Metabolic Acidosis Risk Factors: Diarrhea Fever Hypoxia Starvation Seizure Overdose: salicylates or ethanol Renal failure Manifestations: pH 7.35 HCO3 22 mEq/L VS: Bradycardia, weak pulses, hypotension, tachypnea Flaccid paralysis Confusion Interventions: Treat underlying cause Administer fluids, electrolytes

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Toxicity (Overdose): Symptoms of overdose include coma, drowsiness, loss of muscle control, severely impaired breathing, shock, sluggishness, and unresponsiveness. Death has been reported with ingestion of as little as 12 g meprobamate and survival with as much as 40 g.

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from Nurseslabs

Nursing Mnemonics and Tips

Salicylate Poisoning Also called salicylism and can be acute or chronic. Aspirin overdose has potentially serious consequences, sometimes leading to significant morbidity and death. Patients with mild intoxication frequently have nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, lethargy, tinnitus, and dizziness.

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If looking at pictures of Tom Hiddleston smiling doesn't make you smile, your heart may have been taken by the Evil Queen.

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