Syriac is a dialect of Middle Aramaic that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. Having first appeared as a script in the 1st century AD after being spoken as an unwritten language for five centuries, Classical Syriac became a major literary language throughout the Middle East from the 4th to the 8th centuries, the classical language of Edessa, preserved in a large body of Syriac literature. Syriac is a Middle Aramaic language.
ARAMAIC The Aramaic language was the international trade language of the ancient Middle East between 1000 and 600 BCE, spoken from the Mediterranean coast to the borders of India. Its script, derived from Phoenician and first attested during the 9th century BCE, also became extremely popular and was adopted by many people with or without any previous writing system
The Syriac alphabet developed from the Aramaic alphabet and was used mainly to write the Syriac language from about the 2nd century BC. There are a number of different forms of the Syriac alphabet: Esṭrangelā (ܐܣܛܪܢܓܠܐ), Serṭā (ܣܪܛܐ) and Madnḥāyā (ܡܕܢܚܝܐ). (...)
Saint Ephrem of Syria. Ephrem the Syrian was a Syriac deacon and a prolific Syriac-language hymnographer and theologian of the 4th century from the region of Syria. His works are hailed by Christians throughout the world, and many denominations venerate him as a saint.
Ephrem the Syrian was a Syriac deacon and a prolific Syriac-language hymnographer and theologian of the 4th century from the region of Syria. His works are hailed by Christians throughout the world, and many denominations venerate him as a saint. He has been declared a Doctor of the Church in Roman Catholicism. He is especially beloved in the Syriac Orthodox Church. He has been called the most significant of all of the fathers of the Syriac-speaking church tradition.
Medicine’s Hidden Roots in an Ancient Manuscript. "The [recently discovered] ancient manuscript, its animal-hide pages more than 1,000 years old, ,,. contains a hidden translation of an ancient, influential medical text by Galen of Pergamon, a Greco-Roman physician and philosopher who died in 200 A.D."
Rabbula Gospels - an illuminated manuscript made in 586 CE by the Syrian monk Rabbula at the St. John in Beth Zagba monastery (probably in the coast between Antioch and Damascus). Rabbula transcribed in beautiful Astrànghelo (the oldest Syriac script) - written on 2 columns from right to left - the Peshittà (simple) version of the gospels. On display at Biblioteca Laurenziana of Florence.