Bobby Darrin, "Mack the Knife." [T]he standard from Kurt Weill's Threepenny Opera, was given a vamping jazz-pop interpretation. Although initially opposed to releasing it as a single, the song went to No. 1 on the charts for nine weeks, sold two million copies, and won the Grammy Award for Record of the Year in 1960." [Wikipedia]
Renowned playwright Bertolt Brecht (1898–1956), was highly critical of state and religious authorities. Brecht's play, Die Dreigroschenoper (The Threepenny Opera , 1931), is set in Victorian London and focuses on an amoral, antiheroic criminal. The score is influenced by jazz and is an early example of the modern musical comedy genre. Brecht left Germany early in 1933, exemplifying the impact of politics on the nation's creative intelligentsia.