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Two muscadins, or Incroyables, in 1795, carrying their "constitutions". The term Muscadin, meaning "wearing musk perfume" came to refer mobs of young men, relatively well-off and dressed in a dandyish manner, who were the street fighters of the Thermidorian Reaction in Paris in the French Revolution.


SparkNotes: The French Revolution (1789–1799)

(1794, July 27) Attack on the Hôtel de Ville, a Jacobin stronghold during the Thermidorian Reaction. (Image - 1823)

Ornate carriages reappeared on the streets of Paris the day after the execution (28 July 1794) of Maximilien Robespierre, which brought an end to the Jacobin-era Committee of Public Safety and signaled the commencement of the Thermidorian Reaction. There were masters and servants once more in Paris, and the city erupted in a furor of pleasure-seeking and entertainment. Theaters thrived, and popular music satirized the excesses of the Revolution


(Sept, 1792 - Oct, 1795) Reign of Terror and Thermidorian Reaction

Maximilien Robespierre was a member of the Estates-General, theConstituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club, he opposed the death penalty and advocated the abolition of slavery, while supporting equality of rights, universal male suffrage and the establishment of a republic. He opposeddechristianisation of France, war with Austria and the possibility of a coup by the Marquis de Lafayette. As a member of the Committee of Public Safety, he was an important figure during the period of the…

Louis-Antoine-Léon de Saint-Just born August 25, 1767, Decize, France died July 28, 1794, Paris Main controversial ideologue of the French Revolution, one of the most zealous advocates of the Reign of Terror (1793–94), who was arrested and guillotined in the Thermidorian Reaction.


top: friend hates mondays bottom: rants about the thermidorian reaction and the 10-day week

SparkNotes: The French Revolution (1789–1799)