Total Fertility Rate--the number of children the average woman has in her lifetime--is trending downward almost everywhere. However, the impoverished and remote rural areas of Africa still have the highest fertility rates in the world.
China's total fertility rate has decreased over time. In 1950-1955 the average fertility rate for a women was just above 6.0. Over the space of 50-55 years, the fertility rate has decreased. In 2010, the fertility rate fell to below 2.0.