This is a painting of the signing of the 'Treaty of Nanking' which ended the first Opium War! In this treaty the Qing government had to pay Britan six MILLION silver dollars for the confiscated Opium, plus 3 million dollars in debts and finally 12 million dollars for the cost of the war. Also, Hong Kong became a 'Crown Colony'(a type of colonial administration). (MS) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Nanking#
The Treaty of Nanking (or Nanjing) was signed on 29 August 1842 to mark the end of the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing Dynasty of China. It was the first of what the Chinese called the unequal treaties because Britain had no obligations in return.
The Shanghai International Settlement originated following the defeat of Qing dynasty China by the British Empire in the First Opium War (1839–1842) and the subsequent signature of the Treaty of Nanking.