According to ancient classical authors, the Phoenicians were a people who occupied the coast of the Levant (eastern Mediterranean). Their major cities were Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, and Arwad. All were fiercely independent, rival cities and, unlike the neighboring inland states, the Phoenicians represented a confederation of maritime traders rather than a defined country
Trade Beads: Hebron Beads combined a combination of bronze and brass beads. Beadmakers apparently emigrated from Tyre in the Mediterranean to Hebron, near Jerusalem , after the twelfth century. They made beads there using the salts of the Dead Sea as their alkali. The beads were very popular in Egypt and in sub-Saharian Africa during and after Middle Ages. | Turkana Collection Designs
Kalbelia (Rajasthan) ... Having spent a little time learning about the Amazigh people (popularly called bedouin or berber,) I have found that their language is today quite close to ancient Phoenician. The Phoenicians were the great traders of the ancient world. I see in this, and in photos of women in traditional dress throughout the 'stans, in India, and even into eastern asia a similarity of adornment style. I think we see the Phoenician culture spread far and wide. This makes me want to…
Five Millennia of History Founded at the start of the third millennium B.C., Tyre originally consisted of a mainland settlement and a modest island city that lay a short distance off shore. But it was not until the first millennium B.C. that the city experienced its golden age. In the 10th century B.C. Hiram, King of Tyre, joined two islets by landfill. Later he extended the city further by reclaiming a considerable area from the sea. Phoenician expansion began about 815 B.C. when traders
Source of prized Tyrian Purple dye and home base of those legendary master traders, the Phoenicians, Tyre was truly a wonder of the ancient world. The city was located on a walled island just off the coast of Lebanon and managed to thwart every siege until Alexander the Great built a causeway so his soldiers could march up to the city walls.