Henry Ossian Flipper 1856-1940 born into slavery in Georgia. He was an American soldier, in 1877 he was the first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point. Also earned 2nd lieutenant in US Army. He was the first non white to lead Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th cavalry. He was pardoned by president Bill Clinton in 1999.
The Map That Lincoln Used to See the Reach of Slavery. "Map showing the distribution of the slave population of the Suthern states of the United States. Compiled from the census of 1860. Drawn by E. Hergesheimer. Engr. by Th. Leonhardt." Library of Congress, American Memory Map Collections
ANN J. EDWARDS, 81, was BORN A SLAVE. "I shall soon go to meet my Maker, with the satisfaction of having done my duty—first, to my race, second, to mankind." circa 1937. (Can any of us say that today?)
DRED SCOTT, an Enslaved person, taken by his Master from a Slave State, into a "Free Territory", filed a suite claiming that because he had lived on 'free soil' he was entitled to his Freedom. Though the Supreme Court ruled against Scott citing that people of African descent and their descendants were not protected by the Constitution and could never be citizens and thus could not sue in federal court; the case inflamed the national debate over Slavery in the years leading up to the Civil…
"We were stolen, sold and bought together from the African continent. We got on the slave ships together. We lay back to belly in the holds of the slave ships in each others excrement and urine together, sometimes died together, and our lifeless bodies thrown overboard together. Today, we are standing up together, with faith and even some joy." SLAVERY MONUMENT, River St - Savannah GA
(1858-1964) Anna Julia Cooper was an educator, author, activist and one of the most prominent African American scholars in US history. She gave voice to African-Americans during the 19th and 20th centuries, from the end of slavery to the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. Cooper studied French literature and history before enrolling as a doctoral student at Columbia University in 1914 while remaining a full-time teacher. She was only the 4th African-American woman in the US to earn a…
Malcolm X's daughter on Juneteenth: 'We're in denial of the African holocaust' . Ilyasah Shabazz, daughter of civil rights activist, speaks at 17th century burial ground to remember the end of slavery in the US