Hattusa, in ancient Turkey, was first settled by the Hatti people, but when conquered ca. 1600 BCE, it became the capital of the Hittite Empire. In keeping with the militaristic ethos of the Hittites, by 1300 BCE, it was magnificently fortified. Situated on advantageous terrain, it was surrounded by double walls. On the ridge on the upper right is the "Acropolis" - the royal palace district. The city was destroyed in 1180 BCE during the Bronze Age Collapse.
Xenophon (c. 427 – 355 BCE) was a Greek historian, soldier, mercenary, philosopher and a contemporary and admirer of Socrates. He is known for his writings on the history of his own times, the 4th century BC, preserving the sayings of Socrates, and descriptions of life in ancient Greece and the Persian Empire.
Osman Hamdi Bey - Istanbul (1910). Bey (30 Dec 1842-24 Feb 1910) was an Ottoman administrator, intellectual, art expert, and also a prominent and pioneering painter. He was also an accomplished archeologist and is regarded as the pioneer of the museum curator's profession in Turkey. (Wikipedia)
Göbekli Tepe is an archaeological site at the top of a mountain ridge in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey, approximately 12 km northeast of the city of Şanlıurfa. The tell has a height of 15 m and is about 300 m in diameter.
Göbekli Tepe, Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey is a Neolithic hilltop sanctuary. It is the oldest known human-made religious structure. The site was most likely erected by hunter-gatherers in the 10th millennium BCE and has been under excavation since 1994 by German and Turkish archaeologists, Together with Nevalı Çori, it has revolutionized understanding of the Eurasian Neolithic period.