Clara Barton:1821-1912) - Civil War nurse, founder of the American Red Cross. Barton refused to take a salary from the government's treasury & dedicated herself aiding soldiers on the front. Never had women been allowed in hospitals, camps or battlefields; initially, military & civil officials refused her help. Eventually, she gained their trust & began receiving supplies from all over the country. As a result of her untiring work, she became known as the "Angel of the Battlefield."