Making Manuscripts - An illuminated manuscript is a book written and decorated completely by hand. Illuminated manuscripts were among the most precious objects produced in the Middle Ages and the early Renaissance, primarily in monasteries and courts. Society's rulers--emperors, kings, dukes, cardinals, and bishops--commissioned the most splendid manuscripts.
The Structure of a Medieval Manuscript - For more than a thousand years all manuscripts were written and illustrated by hand. By the Middle Ages, books were being made by folding sheets of parchment, arranging them into gatherings, and assembling and binding them together. This animation from the Getty Museum illustrates how medieval books were constructed--a feat of engineering that remains essentially the same today.
Chivalry in the Middle Ages - Chivalric customs arose from the medieval knight's code of conduct, and were gradually adopted by aristocrats and society as a whole. This video traces some of the surprising early applications of chivalry through medieval illuminated manuscripts.