Happy Birthday Winston Churchill. Pictured: Churchill looks at enemy positions from a fortified forward position in Italy in 1944. “It took me a little while to get used to the fact that in two days his cigar consumption was the equivalent of my weekly salary,” his valet Roy Howells wrote later.
Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898), chancellor of Germany from 1871 to 1890. When fired by Kaiser Wilhelm II, Bismarck’s policies and alliances fell apart and Europe got one step closer to WW1. Wilhelm engaged Britain in a sea arms race and looked at attaining more colonies. Bismarck had wanted to be allies with Britain and also felt the future and security of the German state lay within Europe.