The stones of Puma Puncu. The remains of a great wharf near Lake Titicaca. Stones here weigh up to 440 tons, yet at the time they were quarried, approx. AD500, the culture was assumed to only have reed boats to transport with. Some stones are incredibly cut, to very exact standards, and even have a modular design that stoneworkers today would find near impossible to achieve.

The stones of Puma Puncu. The remains of a great wharf near Lake Titicaca. Stones here weigh up to 440 tons, yet at the time they were quarried, approx. AD500, the culture was assumed to only have reed boats to transport with. Some stones are incredibly cut, to very exact standards, and even have a modular design that stoneworkers today would find near impossible to achieve.

Barbary pirates, sometimes called Ottoman corsairs, were pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Tunis, Tripoli and Algiers. This area was known in Europe as the Barbary Coast, a term derived from the name of its Berber inhabitants. Their predation extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa's Atlantic seaboard and even South America, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland.

Barbary pirates, sometimes called Ottoman corsairs, were pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Tunis, Tripoli and Algiers. This area was known in Europe as the Barbary Coast, a term derived from the name of its Berber inhabitants. Their predation extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa's Atlantic seaboard and even South America, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland.

An ancient Egyptian harbor has emerged on the Red Sea coast, dating back about 4,500 years. "Evidence shows that it predates by more than 1,000 years any other port structure known in the world," Pierre Tallet, Egyptologist at the Sorbonne said. Here is a storage area for dismantled boats after the expeditions to transfer copper and stones from Sinai to the Nile valley; the galleries featured a closure system that used heavy limestone blocks inscribed with the name of Cheops (about 2650 BC).

An ancient Egyptian harbor has emerged on the Red Sea coast, dating back about 4,500 years. "Evidence shows that it predates by more than 1,000 years any other port structure known in the world," Pierre Tallet, Egyptologist at the Sorbonne said. Here is a storage area for dismantled boats after the expeditions to transfer copper and stones from Sinai to the Nile valley; the galleries featured a closure system that used heavy limestone blocks inscribed with the name of Cheops (about 2650 BC).

Theatre, Sabratha, Libya. UNESCO World Heritage Site. Sabratha's port was established about 500 BC as a Pheonician trading-post that served as a coastal outlet for the products of the African hinterland. It lies on the Mediterranean coast about 41 mi west of Tripoli.

Theatre, Sabratha, Libya. UNESCO World Heritage Site. Sabratha's port was established about 500 BC as a Pheonician trading-post that served as a coastal outlet for the products of the African hinterland. It lies on the Mediterranean coast about 41 mi west of Tripoli.

Mkumbuu ancient town, Pemba, Tanzania.   •   The archaeological site of Ras Mkumbuu was a 10th century trading port on the east coast of Africa with a substantial Muslim occupation.  A sunken town has been found under the sea, the pillars and the tombs are unique, and decorated with chinese bowls.

Mkumbuu ancient town, Pemba, Tanzania. • The archaeological site of Ras Mkumbuu was a 10th century trading port on the east coast of Africa with a substantial Muslim occupation. A sunken town has been found under the sea, the pillars and the tombs are unique, and decorated with chinese bowls.

View of Amathus from sea.  The shadows in the water are of the ancient harbour now underwater.

View of Amathus from sea. The shadows in the water are of the ancient harbour now underwater.

©Editions Gelbart / Jean-Jacques Gelbart Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun Qal’at al-Bahrain is a typical tell – an artificial mound created by many successive layers of human occupation. The strata of the 300 × 600 m tell testify to continuous human presence from about 2300 BC to the 16th century AD.

©Editions Gelbart / Jean-Jacques Gelbart Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun Qal’at al-Bahrain is a typical tell – an artificial mound created by many successive layers of human occupation. The strata of the 300 × 600 m tell testify to continuous human presence from about 2300 BC to the 16th century AD.

Chania is an ancient Venetian port, with a light house, a wonderful harbor and beautiful cobble-stone alleys.

Chania is an ancient Venetian port, with a light house, a wonderful harbor and beautiful cobble-stone alleys.

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