The Orkney "Wife" was found in at the golf links at Noltland on the Island of Westray in 2009 by Archaeologist Jakob Kainz in a midden (old rubbish tip) filled with the brittle bones of deer, cattle and fish. Made from Old Red Sandstone from the island of Eday, the venus like figurine is the only known Neolithic carving of a human form to have been discovered in Scotland.
High on a hill on the island of Gozo, is the Stone Age Ggantija prehistoric temple complex. Constructed from 3,600-3,000 BC, the Ggantija temples are the earliest of a series of megalithic temples in Malta, pre-dating Egypt’s pyramids and Britain’s Stonehenge by over a 1,000 years. This megalithic monument is in fact two temples, built side by side and enclosed within a boundary wall. The temples on Malta are the oldest temples in Europe.
Jarlshof, Shetland Mainland, discovered at the end of the 19th century, when a heavy storm ripped open a part of the coast, exposing buildings from the Iron Age. Some of the oldest houses found at Jarlshof are from 2500-1500 BC. Two of the Jarlshof houses, ca. 500 BC-79AD, have souterrains, underground tunnels with small rooms. Also inhabited by the Picts and later on by Vikings, and both left plenty of evidence of their presence.
Ain Ghazal is a Neolithic site located in North-Western Jordan, on the outskirts of Amman. It dates as far back as 7250 BC, and was inhabited until 5000 BC. It’s one of the largest known prehistoric settlements in the Near East...
Meroe Archaeological Site, an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile about 6 km north-east of the Kabushiya station near Shendi, Sudan, approximately 200 km northeast of Khartoum. / Meroë was the southern capitol of the Napata/Meroitic Kingdom, that spanned the period c. 800 BC — c. 350 AD. According to partially deciphered Meroitic texts, the name of the city was Medewi or Bedewi. // Photo by paolo alias opaxir (Flickr)
The Plain of Jars is a megalithic archaeological landscape in Laos. Scattered in the landscape of the Xieng Khouang plateau, Xieng Khouang, Laos, are thousands of megalithic jars. These stone jars appear in clusters, ranging from a single or a few to several hundred jars at lower foothills surrounding the central plain and upland valleys.
Ħaġar Qim (Standing/Worshipping Stones) is a megalithic temple complex found on the Mediterranean island of Malta, dating from the Ġgantija phase (3600-3200 BCE). The Megalithic Temples of Malta are among the most ancient religious sites on Earth, described by the World Heritage Sites committee as "unique architectural masterpieces."
A small Iron Age village of at least seven houses has been uncovered at a in-filled lake in southwest Scotland. One of the buildings, a timber roundhouse, had been constructed around a massive stone hearth complex. Its beams radiate out from the hearth. “There are some excellent examples of ‘lake villages’ in England but this is the first time archaeologists have found a ‘loch village’ in Scotland,” commented Culture Secretary Fiona Hyslop.
The ancient city of Baalbek is one of the greatest archaeological mysteries of all time. Located east of the Litani River in Lebanon, Baalbek is known for its exquisitely detailed yet monumentally scaled Roman temple ruins. These Roman temples were built on top of an ancient 5 million square foot platform that was made from some of the largest stones ever used in any construction project in the history of the earth. The largest stone found weighs 1200 tons and is about 64 feet long.
Europe's oldest prehistoric town unearthed in Bulgaria
Archaeologists in Bulgaria say that have uncovered the oldest prehistoric town found to date in Europe. The walled fortified settlement, near the modern town of Provadia, is thought to have been an important centre for salt production.
35,000-year-old flute, the oldest instrument known, found in the Ach Valley of southern Germany, the nearly intact five-hole flute was meticulously carved with stone tools from the hollow wing-bone of a giant vulture
Carved Stone 8 in Gavrinis Dolmen passage grave, Gulf of Morbihan Larmor-Baden, Morbihan, France. Cairn de Gavrinis Passage Grave, the largest and most decorated tomb in Neolithic Europe with 29 six-foot-high menhirs carved with labyrinthine fingerprints. This sanctuary/tomb/shrine was used by the same family for hundreds of years
Remains of an ancient university have been discovered in Bihar, which is home to Nalanda and Vikramshila universities, officials Tuesday said Remains of an ancient university have been discovered in Bihar, which is home to Nalanda and Vikramshila universities [Credit: Economic Times]