Lucy Burns was an American suffragist women's rights advocate. In 1917 she was imprisoned at Occoquan Workhouse for protesting, picketing, marching at the White House. She endured the “Night of Terror” by the guards. The women were treated brutally were refused medical attention. Of the well-known suffragists of the era, Burns spent the most time in jail. Photo by Harris Ewing. ~Fighting for Our Rights.
Sybil Ludington (1761-1839) A young American patriot, Sybil Ludington is the female counterpart to the more famous Paul Revere. Born in 1761 in Connecticut, Ludington was the eldest of twelve children. Soon after her birth, her family settled in Dutchess County, New York. In addition to being a farmer, Ludington’s father held various positions within the small town and served in the military for over sixty years.
Women's Suffrage Protestors Taken to Prison National Woman's Party White House Protests, 1917 National Woman's Party protestors are taken from the D.C. Court House to prison after their conviction in connection with White House protests for women's suffrage, 1917.
On the eve of Woodrow Wilson’s 1913 inauguration, Alice Paul organized over 8,000 women in a march down Pennsylvania Avenue from the Capitol to the White House. Troops were called to help the suffragists get to their destination but it was 7 more years before women voted for the first time in the 1920 presidential election. The fight took 72 years, spanning two centuries, 18 presidencies, and three wars. Go Alice!
Learn about Lucy Stone: Abolitionist and Women's Rights Reformer
Lucy Stone. 1st woman in America to keep her last name upon marriage, 1st Massachusets woman to graduate college, chopped her hair off, scandalously wore precursors to pants, was kicked out of church for arguing that women had the right to own property and to be able to divorce abusive alcoholic husbands (the nerve).
Out of frustration, Josephine Cochrane invented the dishwasher. She'd been angry that hired domestic help continually broke and chipped her fine china. Cochrane's dishwasher used high water pressure aimed at a wire rack of dishes, she received a patent for it in 1886.During this era, most houses didn't have the technology of a hot water system to run such a machine, but Cochrane persisted and sold her idea to hotels and restaurants.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was a 24 year old widow raising a daughter when she decided to attend the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania. She graduated with honors in 1891 and accepted a position as the resident physician at the Tuskegee Institute. Before she began her job, Halle needed to pass the Alabama Medical Board exam, an unusually difficult multi-day test. When she passed the exam, Halle became the first female physician of any race licensed by the state of Alabama.
Harriet Hosmer was sent to a school that fostered independence and provided her with creative female role models, she became determined to sculpt. She studied human anatomy, necessary for sculptors but usually forbidden to women. She sailed to Rome in 1852 and gained entrance to the studio of English sculptor John Gibson, where she attracted the patronage of affluent tourists. One of a group of U.S. women sculptors, dubbed the "White Marmorean Flock" by Henry James.