Girls at weiner roast, Edmonton Indian Residential School, circa 1930. Many First Nations children were taken from their homes and communities in Canada's attempt to "civilize" them into European agri-industrialists. Care was poor and their languages forbidden. Many children were abused. Many died. PM Harper was the first to formally apologize. However since then he has repeatedly refused Inuit and First Nations envoys.
Spokane schoolgirls, Fort Spokane Indian School, Spokane Washington
The Phoenix Indian School was "one of several federal institutions designed to forcibly assimilate Native American children into Anglo-American culture. Children were often enrolled into these schools against the wishes of their parents and families. Attempts to suppress native identities included forcing the children to cut their hair and take on English names." - Wikipedia
From 1800 to 1980 more than 150,000 aboriginal kids in Canada attended these schools. In these schools the children suffered from emotional, physical, sexual & spiritual abuse . the purpose of these schools were to take the "indian" out of the child & to turn them towards the christian society . They got very poor education cause half the teachers were not professionally experienced . The long term affects were that many children never were able to reconnect with their families and culture .
Inuit children at boarding school. The sign on the wall behind them reads, “Please do not speak Eskimo.” (1914)
Chiricahua apaches who were taken to Carlisle, a boarding school that imprisoned,indoctrinated, and abused native children. The motto was " kill the indian, save the man".
Chemawa Indian School small boys dorm, Salem, Oregon. 1901. A large group of small boys sit on the grass in front of a three story building at the Chemawa Indian School. Beside them stands a woman holding a bicycle. Another school building can be seen on the right. Collection: Estelle Reel Repository: Eastern Washington State Historical Society
Learning finger songs at Carlisle Indian School, ca. 1900. Frances Benjamin Johnston photo Courtesy Cumberland County Historical Society May not be used without permission.
Children pose in front of the girls dormitory building at the Tulalip Indian School in 1912.
Alanis Obomsawin - "Indian Residential School 1934 - A prison or a school?" - "Abenaki filmmaker Alanis Obomsawin is known for documentaries such as "Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance." But she's also a visual artist, as evidenced in this piece, a commentary on the Indian residential school policy that took children away from their homes, their families, and their traditions."
Up to 6000 children died at residential schools: Sinclair | APTN National NewsAPTN National News
'The Only Good Indian' One of Wes Studi's best performances. Synopsis: A young Native American is captured and taken against his will to a juvenile home designed to indoctrinate him into the ways of white Christian America (mandatory,federally government-run Native American Indian boarding schools). After running away, a Native American is hired to track and capture him.
Approximately 150,000 Indian children were placed in religious mission boarding schools. Lawsuits against the Catholic church have been filed by survivors of the schools, who suffered mental, physical and sexual abuse. Children as young as 5 years old were removed from their families and sent across the country, often not seeing their family again for several years. (Free Thought Manifesto)
94 Truth and Reconciliation recommendations | APTN National News
After 6 yrs, $60 million, 6000 testimonies from Residential school survivors, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission releases its report today... How should the Canadian public participate in reconciliation?
Carlisle Indian Industrial School Graduation Class in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, including George Vailier (Quapaw) sitting in the 2nd row, 3rd from the left - 1890
A man and child sit on a horse in front of the St. Ignatius Mission, Flathead Indian Reservation in western Montana on the Flathead River. Home to the Bitterroot Salish, Kootenai, and Pend d'Oreilles Tribes - also known as the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation. The reservation was created through the July 16, 1855, Treaty of Hellgate. Photographed between 1905 and 1907.
NPR.com - Story of Indian boarding schools & how they haunt many.
American Indians and Christian Missions Studies in Cultural Conflict (Chicago History of American Religion)
"You Can't Always Get What You Want" - **Ric Gendron**
White Whale people visiting their children at Red Deer Institute: "These people traveled over a hundred miles..." 1914.
A survivor of Kuper Island Catholic Residential School near Duncan, BC. told of how his sister Maggie was pushed out of a window and killed by a nun. Follow this up at: http://www.hiddenfromhistory.org/VoicesoftheCanadianHolocaust/tabid/57/Default.aspx