Girls at weiner roast, Edmonton Indian Residential School, circa 1930. Many First Nations children were taken from their homes and communities in Canada's attempt to "civilize" them into European agri-industrialists. Care was poor and their languages forbidden. Many children were abused. Many died. PM Harper was the first to formally apologize. However since then he has repeatedly refused Inuit and First Nations envoys.
The Phoenix Indian School was "one of several federal institutions designed to forcibly assimilate Native American children into Anglo-American culture. Children were often enrolled into these schools against the wishes of their parents and families. Attempts to suppress native identities included forcing the children to cut their hair and take on English names." - Wikipedia
From 1800 to 1980 more than 150,000 aboriginal kids in Canada attended these schools. In these schools the children suffered from emotional, physical, sexual & spiritual abuse . the purpose of these schools were to take the "indian" out of the child & to turn them towards the christian society . They got very poor education cause half the teachers were not professionally experienced . The long term affects were that many children never were able to reconnect with their families and culture .
Chemawa Indian School small boys dorm, Salem, Oregon. 1901. A large group of small boys sit on the grass in front of a three story building at the Chemawa Indian School. Beside them stands a woman holding a bicycle. Another school building can be seen on the right. Collection: Estelle Reel Repository: Eastern Washington State Historical Society
Alanis Obomsawin - "Indian Residential School 1934 - A prison or a school?" - "Abenaki filmmaker Alanis Obomsawin is known for documentaries such as "Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance." But she's also a visual artist, as evidenced in this piece, a commentary on the Indian residential school policy that took children away from their homes, their families, and their traditions."
15 Stunning Works Of Aboriginal Art From Across Canada