Circa 1850-55 muslin Victorian Engageante Undersleeve Killerton Fashion Collection © National Trust / Sophia Farley and Renée Harvey

Circa muslin Victorian Engageante Undersleeve Killerton Fashion Collection © National Trust / Sophia Farley and Renée Harvey

1860-65 unusual purple cage crinoline. of cotton, wool, silk, steel and brass. Purple silk waistband with cream cotton lining, closed at the front with a brass metal hook and three eyes. 8 purple wool tapes suspending 12 steel hoops wrapped in purple wool. The hoops are attached to the straps with brass clamps. The hoops are closed in the front with two brass clamps that allow them to be adjusted in size. The two upper hoops are open at the front for entry. Amsterdam Museum.

1860-65 unusual purple cage crinoline. of cotton, wool, silk, steel and brass. Purple silk waistband with cream cotton lining, closed at the front with a brass metal hook and three eyes. 8 purple wool tapes suspending 12 steel hoops wrapped in purple wool. The hoops are attached to the straps with brass clamps. The hoops are closed in the front with two brass clamps that allow them to be adjusted in size. The two upper hoops are open at the front for entry. Amsterdam Museum.

Ca.1860 "Empress" cage crinoline/hoop skirt combination. Kerry Taylor Auctions.

Ca.1860 "Empress" cage crinoline/hoop skirt combination. Kerry Taylor Auctions.

January 29, 1859, Harper's Weekly. "The Finishing Room" of the Douglas & Sherwood crinoline factory in Manhattan. Hoops descend from the floor above for finishing. [jrb]

Women Always Had Paying Jobs:January Harper's Weekly. "The Finishing Room" of the Douglas & Sherwood crinoline factory in Manhattan. Hoops descend from the floor above for finishing.

Thompson's Cage Crinoline, 1860s, in Snowshill Collection, quite bizarrely mounted backward on a youth mannequin. This crinoline is illustrated in Nancy Bradford's Costume in Detail. [jrb]

Thompson's Cage Crinoline, in Snowshill Collection, quite bizarrely mounted backward on a youth mannequin. This crinoline is illustrated in Nancy Bradford's Costume in Detail.

Ca.1860 crinoline, American. L32". Met Museum. [jrb]

This petticoat is made from metal wire and cotton tape. It would have been covered with an additional fabric petticoat to protect the dress worn over it. The hooping of cage crinolines could be made of whalebone, cane, or steel

CRINOLINE WITH SHOULDER STRAPS, STAMPED WENTWORTH, NH, 1855 PATENT BUCKLE   A great example of a smaller work hoop, including shoulder straps

Incendiary Art: Poems (Triquarterly Books

CRINOLINE WITH SHOULDER STRAPS, STAMPED WENTWORTH, NH, 1855 PATENT BUCKLE A great example of a smaller work hoop, including shoulder straps

1858 Peterson's. Douglas & Sherwood's patented "Honiton Skirt, with Adjustable Bustle." The size of the bustle "may be Increased to any extent desired, by drawing the laces tighter," said laces being at the back. As for the "Honiton" portion, it couldn't actually have been fully adorned with that very expensive lace, but whether the design was done in a cheaper lace, embroidery, woven, stamped, or other, is not stated. [jrb]

1858 Peterson's. Douglas & Sherwood's patented "Honiton Skirt, with Adjustable Bustle." The size of the bustle "may be Increased to any extent desired, by drawing the laces tighter," said laces being at the back. As for the "Honiton" portion, it couldn't actually have been fully adorned with that very expensive lace, but whether the design was done in a cheaper lace, embroidery, woven, stamped, or other, is not stated. [jrb]

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