Inventing Europe

Inventing Europe

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Inventing Europe
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At World's Fairs, spectators could travel between the 'future in the present' industrial temples (associated with European nations) to the supposed 'past' in the present: displays of 'traditional' cultures found in the colonies. Photo: The hall of industry at the Stockholm "General Art and Industry Exhibition", Norsk Teknisk Museum.

At World's Fairs, spectators could travel between the 'future in the present' industrial temples (associated with European nations) to the supposed 'past' in the present: displays of 'traditional' cultures found in the colonies. Photo: The hall of industry at the Stockholm "General Art and Industry Exhibition", Norsk Teknisk Museum.

The central 'Imperial Pavilion' of the 1867 World Fair in Paris showed decidedly 'Eastern' features, and the Prussians submitted what they called a 'Moorish kiosk'. Picture: Deutsches Museum.

The central 'Imperial Pavilion' of the 1867 World Fair in Paris showed decidedly 'Eastern' features, and the Prussians submitted what they called a 'Moorish kiosk'. Picture: Deutsches Museum.

For Portugal, it was challenging to establish and maintain communications with distant colonies in Africa. They connected the telegraphic station Lourenço Marques in Mozambique to Portugal with a submarine cable. Photo: Telegraphic station at the end of submarine cable linking Portugal with Mozambique, Saber Tropical Knowledge.

For Portugal, it was challenging to establish and maintain communications with distant colonies in Africa. They connected the telegraphic station Lourenço Marques in Mozambique to Portugal with a submarine cable. Photo: Telegraphic station at the end of submarine cable linking Portugal with Mozambique, Saber Tropical Knowledge.

After the late 1960s, the Soviet Union built the Robotron 300, the first machine based on IBM architecture, specifically the 360/40 model, which was developed in Radeburg.   Photo: Computing station Robotron EC 2640, early 1970s, Deutsches Museum.

After the late the Soviet Union built the Robotron the first machine based on IBM architecture, specifically the model, which was developed in Radeburg.

Each physical part of the first ELDO-rocket had a different country of origin. Photo: ELDO carrier Rocket Europe 1 (F5) before its launch in Woomera, Australia, 1966, Deutsches Museum.

Each physical part of the first ELDO-rocket had a different country of origin. Photo: ELDO carrier Rocket Europe 1 before its launch in Woomera, Australia, Deutsches Museum.

Recently, scholars started seeing the filing system of Mundaneum, the universal library, as a predecessor of the World Wide Web. Photo: Science Museum London

Recently, scholars started seeing the filing system of Mundaneum, the universal library, as a predecessor of the World Wide Web.

Behind the Iron Curtain there there were only a few innovations in the computer industry. One example was this floppy disk drive designed in 1974 by Marcell Janosi from Budapest Radio Technology Factory. Hungarian Museum for Science, Technology and Transport.

Behind the Iron Curtain there there were only a few innovations in the computer industry. One example was this floppy disk drive designed in 1974 by Marcell Janosi from Budapest Radio Technology Factory. Hungarian Museum for Science, Technology and Transport.

In 1950, around 130 German scientists from the German rocket program moved to Huntsville to work at the Ordnance Guided Missile Center. Soon they began to leave a cultural mark on the town, which included an annual Oktoberfest. (Deutsches Museum)

In around 130 German scientists from the German rocket program moved to Huntsville to work at the Ordnance Guided Missile Center. Soon they began to leave a cultural mark on the town, which included an annual Oktoberfest.

In the late 1800s the idea of an universal library was developed by Belgian lawyers Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine. In 1910 they founded Mundaneum, and eventually housed this ‘World Palace’ in a former department store in Mons, Belgium. Picture: Logo of the Union of International Associations, Mundaneum

Logo of the Union of International Associations - Inventing Europe

From 1885, Students of the Polytechnic Institute in Warsaw were obligated to wear uniforms. Mostly to prevent poorly dressed students and to keep students away from demonstrations (because they would be recognized).

From Students of the Polytechnic Institute in Warsaw were obligated to wear uniforms. Mostly to prevent poorly dressed students and to keep students away from demonstrations (because they would be recognized).

Behind the Iron Curtain, Soviet computer technology kept up with the main stream of computing. Like this only remaining piece in Hungary, the URAL-2.

Behind the Iron Curtain, Soviet computer technology kept up with the main stream of computing. Like this only remaining piece in Hungary, the

In the 1960s European fridges often were disguised as a cupboard in the kitchen.Picture: Appliances to measure: BBC electrical appliances, Deutsches Museum.

In the European fridges often were disguised as a cupboard in the kitchen.Picture: Appliances to measure: BBC electrical appliances, Deutsches Museum.

The first hydrated soup was invented by the Swiss Julius Maggi in the 1870s. Picture: Spanish poster advertising Maggi soups, 1900, Biblioteca Nacional de España.

The first hydrated soup was invented by the Swiss Julius Maggi in the Picture: Spanish poster advertising Maggi soups, Biblioteca Nacional de España.

Due to war shortages in 1939, Finnish shoemakers made shoes with wooden soles. Photo: Shoe shod with wood, Museum Centre Vapriikki

Due to war shortages in Finnish shoemakers made shoes with wooden soles. Photo: Shoe shod with wood, Museum Centre Vapriikki