SNCC staff leads volunteers in freedom songs during the second 1964 SNCC Orientation Session at Western College for Women in Oxford, Ohio. In the front of the audience, right, is Fannie Lou Hamer and, left, SNCC staff member Chuck Neblett. Courtesy McCain Library and Archives, University of Southern Mississippi.
Reverend Jim Nance, canvassing, registering voters outside of Hattiesburg, MS during Freedom Summer in 1964. Photo by Herbert Randall. USM McCain Library and Archive. In the summer of 1964, COFO workers started wearing straw hats to distinguish them from SNCC and other volunteers in Mississippi during Freedom Summer.
In 1964, Freedom Schools are created throughout Mississippi as Freedom Summer volunteers, most of them northern college students, travel south to work with local civil rights workers to help educate black children and organize black voters.
'FREEDOM SUMMER 1964' | In June 1964, Northern volunteers attempted a voter registration drive in Mississippi. The Ku Klux Klan and local authorities staged repeated attacks. Three of the volunteers disappeared.
Three bandaged activists:(left to right) Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and voter registration volunteers David Owen (Pasadena, California; a student at Oberlin College) and Lawrence Spears (Palo Alto, California; a student at Stanford University) on July 11, the day following their assault. They are standing in the 600 block of Mobile Street near Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.
Standing with local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley, President of the Forrest County NAACP, are Freedom Summer volunteers (left to right) Bob "Soda Pop" Ehrenreich, Patricia Yorck (Port Washington, New York; a refugee from Nazi Germany; Freedom School teacher), Terri Shaw (Buffalo, Communications Director Hattiesburg project), and Doug Tuchman (New York City; Freedom School teacher). Taken at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on Independence…
Local African-American teenagers sing and clap their hands in front of Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. The young woman in the striped top is Barbara Ann Johnson. In the foreground is Bessie Houze. Herbert Randall, USM archive
Local teenaged African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne, who specialized in voter registration work, sits on the steps of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. �The bumper sticker affixed to the window behind her carries SNCC's Freedom Summer motto "One Man X One Vote"
Three activists - one local, one professional, one volunteer - meet outside Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street: Reverend W.D. Ridgeway, pastor of True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg; SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (NYC), Dir Hattiesburg project; and Carolyn Reese (Detroit, school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project's Freedom Schools. EXCELLENT. Herbert Randall, USM archive
Born in Hattiesburg, Mississippi on November 5, 1926 Victoria Jackson Gray Adams became one of the most important Mississipians in the Civil Rights Movement. Her activities included teaching voter registration courses to domestics and sharecroppers opening of the Freedom Schools during Mississippi’s Freedom Summer of 1964 and serving as a National Board Member of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Ms. Gray began service as the field secretary for the Student Nonviolent…
Mississippi was a focal point in the struggle for civil rights in America, and Hattiesburg, home of the University of Southern Mississippi, had the largest and most successful Freedom Summer project in 1964. The civil rights materials collected at the university’s Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive document a local history with national significance.
Fannie Lou Hamer (1917-1977) Civil rights and voting rights activist, organizer of Mississippi Freedom Summer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, speaker at the 1964 Democratic National Convention