Leif Ericson was a Norse explorer regarded as the first European to land in North America, nearly 500 years before Christopher Columbus. It is believed that Leif was born in Iceland around the 970s—the son of mother Thjodhild and father Erik the Red, an explorer and outlaw from Western Norway.
Runes-letters modified from Phoenician alphabet. Runic was often written without spaces between words & where 2 of the same letter sat beside each other only one would be used. It was written both from left to right & right to left. It was mainly used to label items with the owner's name & was considered magical as most people were illiterate & did not understand the concept of symbols representing sounds. This also led to their use in fortune telling.
The Uunartoq disc was discovered in an 11th century convent in Greenland in 1948. It is thought to have been used as a compass by the Vikings as they traversed the North Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Greenland.
Forget GPS: Medieval Compass Guided Vikings After Sunset
BIND RUNES: We see a lot of confusion with Post-Viking age symbology, in particular with the Icelandic staves. Whilst the staves may include runes, not all of them do. So whilst some may be classified as "bind runes", others are staves or symbols in their own right. This image shows a variety of symbols, all that have been commonly described as "bind runes". However, only 9, 11, 12, 13, and 15 are bind runes.
Leif Erikson - born 960 - 980 A.D. in Iceland - died 1020 in Greenland. He was a Viking Explorer and the first recorded European to set foot on the North American continent in the year 1000 A.D. in the area of northern Newfoundland, nearly 500 years before the discovery of the America's by Christopher Columbus in 1492.