Philosophers, thinkers, writers
Convictions are more dangerous foes of truth than lies. Friedrich Nietzsche
French writer and philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre - Photographed by Philippe Halsman (1951).
David Hume (1711-1776) was a Scottish philosopher especially known for his philosophical empiricism and skepticism. He was a most important figure in the history of Western philosophy and Scottish Enlightenment. In stark opposition to the rationalists who preceded him, most notably Descartes, Hume believed that desire rather than reason governed human behavior. He argued against the existence of innate ideas, concluding instead that humans have knowledge only of things they directly experience.
John Locke, b 1632 in Somerset England, is known as the Father of Classical Liberalism. He was a philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Locke was first to define self through a continuity of consciousness. He postulated that the mind was a blank slate. Contrary to Cartesian philosophy based on pre-existing concepts, he said that we are born without innate ideas and that knowledge is determined only by experience derived from sense perception.
Epicurus (341–270 BC) was a classical Greek philosopher who taught that pleasure and pain are the measures of what is good and evil; death is the end of both body and soul and should therefore not be feared; the gods neither reward nor punish humans; the universe is infinite and eternal; and events in the world are ultimately based on the motions and interactions of atoms moving in empty space.
Hermann Hesse (July 2, 1877 – August 9, 1962) was a German-Swiss poet, novelist, and painter. In 1946, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature. His best-known works include Steppenwolf, Siddhartha, and The Glass Bead Game (also known as Magister Ludi), each of which explores an individual's search for authenticity, self-knowledge and spirituality
Ezra Pound (1885-1972) - American expatriate poet and critic who became a major figure of the early modernist movement. Photo by Richard Avedon
Anton Chekhov 29 Enero 1860 Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: Анто́н Па́влович Че́хов, pronounced [ɐnˈton ˈpavləvʲɪt͡ɕ ˈt͡ɕexəf]; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian physician, dramaturge and author who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short stories in history.