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The phytochemicals in red foods are carotenoids and anthocyanins. One of the most abundant carotenoids is lycopene. Lycopene helps reduce damage from free radicals in your body and it also prevents heart disease, cancer, prostrate problems, and reduces the skin damage from the sun. These red foods help memory function, urinary tract health, and makes your heart healthy. Red fruits and vegetables are also often very high in vitamin C, which helps encourage cellular renewal in your body.
Carotenoids are what give the foods their orange color. They repair DNA and help prevent cancer and heart disease, as well as strengthening our vision. These orange foods also give us the right amount of potassium and vitamin A, which keeps our eyes and skin healthy, and protects against infections. They are also known to boost the immune system because of the vitamin C content in many of them.