Rosa Parks in 1955 with Martin Luther King Jr. On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Parks' act of defiance became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement and Parks became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation.
MLK making a call. Indeed, with today's tools and social media, what might have been his reach and his effect? The point is, however, he used everything he had in the interest of his peaceful cause. May it be true, also, of the leaders of today.
Ella Deloria (Yankton Sioux) 1889-1971, became a renowned scholar of the Dakota language and culture. She produced a huge body of work including books on Dakota society, Sioux grammar and a Sioux Dictionary. In 1944 she published "Speaking of Indians". From that book, on the question of the first human inhabitants of America she stated: "The vital concern is not where a people came from physically, but where they are going, spiritually."
Thyra J. Edwards, born in 1897, the granddaughter of runaway slaves, grew up in Houston, Texas and started her career there as a school teacher. Eventually she moved to Gary, Indiana and later Chicago where she was employed as a social worker. Edwards would eventually become a world lecturer, journalist, labor organizer, women's rights advocate, and civil rights activist all before her 40th birthday.