The Kahimyang Project

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From September 21, 1972 up to February 26, 1986, a span of 14 years, Marcos crafted and formulated with the help of experts 7,883 presidential decrees (PDs) and other legal issuances. These laws set the rules, regulations and penalties for almost every facet of lawful and ethical human conduct - from birth to grave.

The Marcos unsurpassed legacy - Laws and other edicts

The+Filipino+people+ratified+in+a+nationwide+plebiscite+the+parity+amendment+to+the+1935+Constitution.

The Filipino people ratified in a nationwide plebiscite the parity amendment to the 1935 Constitution.

(Juan Crisostomo Soto) On January 27, 1867, Juan Crisostomo Soto, journalist, poet, playwright and known as the Father of Pampanga Literature, was born in Santa Ines, Bacolor, Pampanga. Soto, under the pen name of Crissot, wrote a number of lyrical poems, historical dramas, humorous plays and philosophical essays, and "sarsuwelas," the most famous of which is "Alang Dios" or There is no God (1901).

Juan Crisostomo Soto was born in Bacolor, Pampanga January 1867

On March 12, 1972, the first ever Philippine made rocket named "Bongbong I" was successfully launched at Caballo island near Corrigedor in the Manila Bay. The rocket was part of the Philippine Military experiment to produce its own ballistic missiles. Initiated by then President Ferdinand E. Marcos, it was researched and developed by a group of Filipino and German engineers and scientists and the Philippine Navy under Project Santa Barbara.

On March 12, 1972, the first ever Philippine made rocket named "Bongbong I" was successfully launched at Caballo island near Corrigedor in the Manila Bay. The rocket was part of the Philippine Military experiment to produce its own ballistic missiles. Initiated by then President Ferdinand E. Marcos, it was researched and developed by a group of Filipino and German engineers and scientists and the Philippine Navy under Project Santa Barbara.

The MacArthur landing in Lingayen Gulf in Pagasinan (Photo credit: Travel Outcrop). On January 9, 1945, the United States Army under General Douglas MacArthur landed at Bonuan (Blue Beach) in Lingayen, Pangasinan near Dagupan, which liberation forces fanned out without resistance to Central Luzon. MacArthur's forces unexpectedly landed at Lingayen Gulf which took the enemy by surprise, which the Japanese could not offer stiff resistance, particularly because the number of their airplanes…

The MacArthur landing in Lingayen Gulf in Pagasinan (Photo credit: Travel Outcrop). On January 9, 1945, the United States Army under General Douglas MacArthur landed at Bonuan (Blue Beach) in Lingayen, Pangasinan near Dagupan, which liberation forces fanned out without resistance to Central Luzon. MacArthur's forces unexpectedly landed at Lingayen Gulf which took the enemy by surprise, which the Japanese could not offer stiff resistance, particularly because the number of their airplanes…

General Vicente Lukban (Photo credit: lukban.org On January 1, 1899, General Vicente Lukban issued a long proclamation addressed to the citizens of Samar and Leyte, calling on them to stand united and to live in peace under the protection of the new-born Republic following the virtual evacuation of the Spaniards. Although little or no fighting occurred between the natives and the Spaniards, the withdrawal of the Spaniards made for the occassion for an open control of the area by the…

General Vicente Lukban (Photo credit: lukban.org On January 1, 1899, General Vicente Lukban issued a long proclamation addressed to the citizens of Samar and Leyte, calling on them to stand united and to live in peace under the protection of the new-born Republic following the virtual evacuation of the Spaniards. Although little or no fighting occurred between the natives and the Spaniards, the withdrawal of the Spaniards made for the occassion for an open control of the area by the…

Diego Silang, a painting by Makabuhay, 1940. On December 16, 1730, Diego Silang , a revolutionary leader who conspired with British forces against Spanish rule, was born in Pangasinan province to Miguel Silang, native of Pangasinan and of Nicolasa de los Santos, of Nueva Segovia (Vigan), both of whom being of the principalia class. He was baptised in the town of Vigan, January 7, 1731. His baptismal name was Diego Baltazar, and his god-father was a principal named Tomas de Endaya.

Diego Silang, a painting by Makabuhay, 1940. On December 16, 1730, Diego Silang , a revolutionary leader who conspired with British forces against Spanish rule, was born in Pangasinan province to Miguel Silang, native of Pangasinan and of Nicolasa de los Santos, of Nueva Segovia (Vigan), both of whom being of the principalia class. He was baptised in the town of Vigan, January 7, 1731. His baptismal name was Diego Baltazar, and his god-father was a principal named Tomas de Endaya.

Emilio Jacinto  On December 15, 1875, Emilio Jacinto, the so-called "Brains of the Revolution", was born in Trozo, Tondo, Manila to Mariano Jacinto and Josefa Dizon. Jacinto, one of the youngest members of the revolutionary society at the age of 18, stopped his law schooling at the University of Santo Tomas to join the Katipunan. Emilio Jacinto wrote the "Kartilya ng Katipunan", the primer of the revolutionaries, he was the founder and editor of the society's newspaper Kalayaan (Freedom)…

Emilio Jacinto On December 15, 1875, Emilio Jacinto, the so-called "Brains of the Revolution", was born in Trozo, Tondo, Manila to Mariano Jacinto and Josefa Dizon. Jacinto, one of the youngest members of the revolutionary society at the age of 18, stopped his law schooling at the University of Santo Tomas to join the Katipunan. Emilio Jacinto wrote the "Kartilya ng Katipunan", the primer of the revolutionaries, he was the founder and editor of the society's newspaper Kalayaan (Freedom)…

The Filipino negotiators, seated from left to right: Pedro Paterno and Emilio Aguinaldo with five companions. On December 14, 1897, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato was signed by General Emilio Aguinaldo and Spanish Governor-General Fernando Primo de Rivera to provisionally stop the armed conflict between the Filipinos and Spaniards. Don Pedro Alejandro Paterno was appointed by the Spanish Governor-General as sole mediator in the discussion of the terms of peace.

The Filipino negotiators for the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. Seated from left to right: Paterno and Emilio Aguinaldo with five companions. Via Wikimedia Commons. Pedro Paterno Pact of Biak-na-Bato

Governor General Camilo Polavieja  On December 13, 1896, Camilo Polavieja arrived in Manila as new governor-general and successor of Ramon Blanco. He was the chosen messiah of the Friars whose only care was to secure their position where he worked hand in hand with them. Polavieja came with General Lachambre and with additional troops and supplies. Lacambre, the deputy commander of the Spanish forces, took the field immediately against the Filipino revolutionaries.

Governor General Camilo Polavieja On December 13, 1896, Camilo Polavieja arrived in Manila as new governor-general and successor of Ramon Blanco. He was the chosen messiah of the Friars whose only care was to secure their position where he worked hand in hand with them. Polavieja came with General Lachambre and with additional troops and supplies. Lacambre, the deputy commander of the Spanish forces, took the field immediately against the Filipino revolutionaries.

Benjamin Corteza Gaston (Photo credit: Ramon Magsaysay Foundation). On December 11, 1913, Jose Benjamin Corteza Gaston, one of Negros Occidental province's illustrious sons, was born in Silay, Negros Occidental. He was the eldest of the 11 children of Emilio Gaston and the former Amparo Corteza. The Gastons were of French ancestry. They were pioneer sugar planters and millers who formed part of the leading economic and political forces in the province. Emilio Gaston established the Talisay…

Benjamin Corteza Gaston (Photo credit: Ramon Magsaysay Foundation). On December 11, 1913, Jose Benjamin Corteza Gaston, one of Negros Occidental province's illustrious sons, was born in Silay, Negros Occidental. He was the eldest of the 11 children of Emilio Gaston and the former Amparo Corteza. The Gastons were of French ancestry. They were pioneer sugar planters and millers who formed part of the leading economic and political forces in the province. Emilio Gaston established the Talisay…

Benjamin Corteza Gaston (Photo credit: Ramon Magsaysay Foundation). On December 11, 1913, Jose Benjamin Corteza Gaston, one of Negros Occidental province's illustrious sons, was born in Silay, Negros Occidental. He was the eldest of the 11 children of Emilio Gaston and the former Amparo Corteza. The Gastons were of French ancestry. They were pioneer sugar planters and millers who formed part of the leading economic and political forces in the province. Emilio Gaston established the Talisay…

Benjamin Corteza Gaston (Photo credit: Ramon Magsaysay Foundation). On December 11, 1913, Jose Benjamin Corteza Gaston, one of Negros Occidental province's illustrious sons, was born in Silay, Negros Occidental. He was the eldest of the 11 children of Emilio Gaston and the former Amparo Corteza. The Gastons were of French ancestry. They were pioneer sugar planters and millers who formed part of the leading economic and political forces in the province. Emilio Gaston established the Talisay…

Jules Cambon, the French Ambassador to the United States, signing the memorandum of ratification on behalf of Spain (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons).  A new era for Filipinos dawned on December 10, 1898 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris through which Spain ceded the Philippines, its colony for over 300 years, to the United States for US$ 20 million. The Peace Commission consisting of American and Spanish delegates met in Paris from October to December that year to discuss the terms…

Jules Cambon, the French Ambassador to the United States, signing the memorandum…