Frances Perkins of Worcester, MA - First female cabinet member. Came up with social security, the 40-hour work week and overtime pay. You're welcome, America.

Frances Perkins of Worcester, MA - First female cabinet member. Came up with social security, the 40-hour work week and overtime pay. You're welcome, America.

Dorothy Dandridge was the first African-American actress to be nominated for an Academy Award in a lead role, for the 1954 film Carmen Jones. Dandridge refused to play demeaning or stereotypical roles, but was often denied leading parts because of on screen interracial relationship taboos. She was born November 9 in 1922.

Dorothy Dandridge was the first African-American actress to be nominated for an Academy Award in a lead role, for the 1954 film Carmen Jones. Dandridge refused to play demeaning or stereotypical roles, but was often denied leading parts because of on screen interracial relationship taboos. She was born November 9 in 1922.

Laura Bullion was a female outlaw of the Old West. Most sources indicate Bullion was born of German and Native American heritage. Laura Bullion was a member of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang; her cohorts were fellow outlaws, including the Sundance Kid, "Black Jack" Ketchum, and Kid Curry.

Laura Bullion was a female outlaw of the Old West. Most sources indicate Bullion was born of German and Native American heritage. Laura Bullion was a member of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang; her cohorts were fellow outlaws, including the Sundance Kid, "Black Jack" Ketchum, and Kid Curry.

Milena Jesenska, Czech journalist, writer, editor and translator, who refused to abandon her Jewish friends and was deported with several of them to Ravensbruck concentration camp, where she died.

Milena Jesenska, Czech journalist, writer, editor and translator, who refused to abandon her Jewish friends and was deported with several of them to Ravensbruck concentration camp, where she died.

Today in Black History, 11/20/2013 - Dominique Margaux Dawes was first African American female to win an Olympic Gold medal in gymnastics.

Today in Black History, 11/20/2013 - Dominique Margaux Dawes was first African American female to win an Olympic Gold medal in gymnastics.

Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was a 24 year old widow raising a daughter when she decided to attend the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania. She graduated with honors in 1891 and accepted a position as the resident physician at the Tuskegee Institute. Before she began her job, Halle needed to pass the Alabama Medical Board exam, an unusually difficult multi-day test. When she passed the exam, Halle became the first female physician of any race licensed by the state of Alabama.

Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was a 24 year old widow raising a daughter when she decided to attend the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania. She graduated with honors in 1891 and accepted a position as the resident physician at the Tuskegee Institute. Before she began her job, Halle needed to pass the Alabama Medical Board exam, an unusually difficult multi-day test. When she passed the exam, Halle became the first female physician of any race licensed by the state of Alabama.

Dr. Eliza Ann Grier. Born a slave she became the first African American to practice medicine in Georgia

Dr. Eliza Ann Grier. Born a slave she became the first African American to practice medicine in Georgia

In the 1950s Bessie Guthrie sheltered girls who were the victims of domestic violence, abuse, drunkenness, homelessness and the welfare system. She ran a private half-way house at 97 Derwent Street where runaway girls could obtain support and receive unconditional love. She researched every aspect of the child-welfare system and crusaded for children's rights against its cruelty. She collected case histories; petitioned bureaucrats, journalists & politicians demanding changes & disclosure.

In the 1950s Bessie Guthrie sheltered girls who were the victims of domestic violence, abuse, drunkenness, homelessness and the welfare system. She ran a private half-way house at 97 Derwent Street where runaway girls could obtain support and receive unconditional love. She researched every aspect of the child-welfare system and crusaded for children's rights against its cruelty. She collected case histories; petitioned bureaucrats, journalists & politicians demanding changes & disclosure.

Botanist Matilda Moldenhauer Brooks (b. 1891) attended Harvard and conducted research along with her husband, Sumner Cushing Brooks. She discovered an antidote for carbon monoxide and cyanide poisoning in the ’30s. | 34 American Lady Scientists Who Changed The World

34 American Lady Scientists Who Changed The World

Botanist Matilda Moldenhauer Brooks (b. 1891) attended Harvard and conducted research along with her husband, Sumner Cushing Brooks. She discovered an antidote for carbon monoxide and cyanide poisoning in the ’30s. | 34 American Lady Scientists Who Changed The World

Hannie Schaft, part of the Dutch resistance movement in WWII. She was arrested just 3 weeks before the end of the war. Her last words to her executioners, between the first and second bullets, were: "I shoot better than you." WOW

Hannie Schaft, part of the Dutch resistance movement in WWII. She was arrested just 3 weeks before the end of the war. Her last words to her executioners, between the first and second bullets, were: "I shoot better than you." WOW

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