Mining For Justice

Collection by Kathleen Ernst, Author

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Images and links relevant to Mining For Justice: A Chloe Ellefson mystery, set in Mineral Point, WI and featuring Cornish immigration history.

Kathleen Ernst, Author
Bal Maidens
Mining
Foodways
Mineral Point, WI
Cornwall/Cornish
Native American History
Material Culture
Miscellaneous

Bal Maidens

Women were forbidden to go down the mines in Victorian times, but could be employed in equally heavy industry on the pit face. These two were from Wigan, England and photographed in a studio wearing work clothes c1860

Studio carte de visite portrait of Wigan pit brow lasses, 1860-70.

Flickr is almost certainly the best online photo management and sharing application in the world. Show off your favorite photos and videos to the world, securely and privately show content to your friends and family, or blog the photos and videos you take with a cameraphone.

Pit brow lasses, 1890 | Ref no: m60807 | Manchester Archives+ | Flickr

Pit brow lasses, 1890

Ref no: m60807

Bal Maidens |

Bal Maidens

Many of the Chloe Ellefson mysteries, which are set in the 1980s, include a plotline set further in the past as well. The 8th adventure, Mining For Justice, features Cornish immigrants who arrived in Mineral Point, Wisconsin, in the 1830s. Most were mining families, attracted by news of lead deposits in the southwestern part of…

That was the West that was... Bal Maidens

News - Latest news from Devon and the UK - Devon Live

Get the latest news from Devon and around the UK. Breaking news & headlines, live blogs, video, pictures and in-depth comment & analysis from the Devon Live news team.

BAL MAIDENS' BONNETS | Cornwall: Including the style of 'gugh' associated with West Penwith (upper left) ✫ღ⊰n

BAL MAIDENS' BONNETS | Cornwall: Including the style of 'gugh' associated with West Penwith (upper left) ✫ღ⊰n

BAL MAIDENS SPALLING AND LOADING ORE WAGON (1880) | Carn Brea, Cornwall: Harpers Magazine (1881)     ✫ღ⊰n

BAL MAIDENS SPALLING AND LOADING ORE WAGON (1880) | Carn Brea, Cornwall: Harpers Magazine (1881) ✫ღ⊰n

Image of illustrated notepaper published by Rock & Co

Queries 2009/10

The Ephemera Society is concerned with the collection, preservation, study and educational uses of printed and hand-written ephemera

'TOWSER' | Cornwall: Cornish dialect for a bal maiden's apron. 'What these women wore was quite distinctive, instead of a long dress, they wore calf length skirts which made it easier for them to work and some women, probably the younger girls liked to wear petticoats underneath, topped with a blouse and an apron. These women wore a bonnet, called a Gook, which protected them from both the rain and the sun, and to protect their feet they wore strong wooden soled boots.' ✫ღ⊰n

'TOWSER' | Cornwall: Cornish dialect for a bal maiden's apron. 'What these women wore was quite distinctive, instead of a long dress, they wore calf length skirts which made it easier for them to work and some women, probably the younger girls liked to wear petticoats underneath, topped with a blouse and an apron. These women wore a bonnet, called a Gook, which protected them from both the rain and the sun, and to protect their feet they wore strong wooden soled boots.' ✫ღ⊰n

bal maidens - Google Search

bal maidens - Google Search

gook bonnet - Google Search

gook bonnet - Google Search

CHINA CLAY BAL MAIDENS (c.1900) | Cornwall: 'Wearing traditional hats and aprons. They formed the clay into bricks by hand; until the 1940s, finer grades of clay were still packed by hand.' ✫ღ⊰n

BalMaids

RootsWeb - the Internet's oldest and largest FREE genealogical community. An award winning genealogical resource with searchable databases, free Web space, mailing lists, message boards, and more.

Bal maidens, 1890s - A bal maiden, from the Cornish language bal, a mine and the English maiden, a young or unmarried woman, was a female manual labourer working in the mining industries of Cornwall and the bordering areas of western Devon, at the south-western extremity of Great Britain.[a] The term has been in use since at least the early 18th century.[b] At least 55,000 women and girls worked as bal maidens, and the actual number is likely to have been much higher.

Bal maidens, 1890s - A bal maiden, from the Cornish language bal, a mine and the English maiden, a young or unmarried woman, was a female manual labourer working in the mining industries of Cornwall and the bordering areas of western Devon, at the south-western extremity of Great Britain.[a] The term has been in use since at least the early 18th century.[b] At least 55,000 women and girls worked as bal maidens, and the actual number is likely to have been much higher.

BAL MAIDENS (1905): and miners at an unspecified Cornish mine. 'The women’s jobs were repetitive, often dirty and wet, their hours long. Breaking up the ore for smelting was exhausting work, using heavy hammers to smash the stone into small pieces, often with little shelter from the weather. Compared with the men, wages were poor, around 4d (2p) per day for younger girls, rising to perhaps 1 shilling (5p), and if the women couldn’t work they weren’t paid.'

News - Latest news from Devon and the UK - Devon Live

Get the latest news from Devon and around the UK. Breaking news & headlines, live blogs, video, pictures and in-depth comment & analysis from the Devon Live news team.

BAL MAIDENS | Cornwall: 'A bal maiden would work on what was called the dressing floor, breaking up all the rock ore the miners brought up from the mine.' ✫ღ⊰n

BAL MAIDENS | Cornwall: 'A bal maiden would work on what was called the dressing floor, breaking up all the rock ore the miners brought up from the mine.' ✫ღ⊰n

Bal maidens in Cornwall & Devon

Bal Maidens in Cornwall & Devon

Bal maidens in Cornwall & Devon

BAL MAIDENS | Dolcoath Mine, Cornwall: 'What these women wore was quite distinctive. Instead of a long dress as would be expected at this time, they wore calf length skirts which made it easier for them to work and some women, probably the younger girls liked to wear petticoats underneath, topped with a blouse and an apron. These women wore a bonnet, called a Gook, which protected them from both the rain and the sun, and to protect their feet they wore strong wooden soled boots.'      ✫ღ⊰n

BAL MAIDENS | Dolcoath Mine, Cornwall: 'What these women wore was quite distinctive. Instead of a long dress as would be expected at this time, they wore calf length skirts which made it easier for them to work and some women, probably the younger girls liked to wear petticoats underneath, topped with a blouse and an apron. These women wore a bonnet, called a Gook, which protected them from both the rain and the sun, and to protect their feet they wore strong wooden soled boots.' ✫ღ⊰n

Cornish Culture Association

Cornish Culture

Visit the post for more.

Everyday life in Cornwall captured in the 19th century – in pictures

Everyday life in Cornwall captured in the 19th century – in pictures

BAL MAIDEN: 'Gook' is the Cornish word for this traditional bonnet worn by a bal maiden.     ✫ღ⊰n

An Daras Cornish Folk Tradition

BAL MAIDEN: 'Gook' is the Cornish word for this traditional bonnet worn by a bal maiden. ✫ღ⊰n

Mining

TIN MINING | Cornwall: Cigarette card including map of Cornwall and illustration of mining ✫ღ⊰n

Cornwall, tin mining.

One of hundreds of thousands of free digital items from The New York Public Library.

Image of a Cornish Miner

Life of a Cornish Miner

RootsWeb - the Internet's oldest and largest FREE genealogical community. An award winning genealogical resource with searchable databases, free Web space, mailing lists, message boards, and more.

Underground photography by J.C.Burrow, Cornwall.

Underground photography by J.C.Burrow, Cornwall.

King Edward tin and copper mine, Camborne, Cornwall, 1904  from National Archives.

King Edward tin and copper mine, Camborne, Cornwall, 1904 from National Archives.

Cornish_Miners_Eating_Pasties

Cornish_Miners_Eating_Pasties

Cornish Mining World Heritage

World Heritage Site

This is the story of the ‘Cornish Mining’ World Heritage Site. The largest World Heritage Site in the UK. It’s a landscape of 20,000 hectares spread across Cornwall and west Devon, offering myriad experiences and opportunities to explore our world-changing mining culture.

Foodways

A typical Cornish pasty contains Beef, Swede, Potato, Onion and a peppery seasoning and is thought to bring in around £300million every year to their local economy.

A typical Cornish pasty contains Beef, Swede, Potato, Onion and a peppery seasoning and is thought to bring in around £300million every year to their local economy.

The legend of how a Cornish fisherman caught enough fish to feed the village of Mousehole and how he is remembered on 23rd December known as Tom Bawcock’s Eve, when all the fish were served i…

Cornish Folklore: The Legendary Tom Bawcock of Mousehole

The legend of how a Cornish fisherman caught enough fish to feed the village of Mousehole and how he is remembered on 23rd December known as Tom Bawcock's Eve, when all the fish were served in a big Stargazy Pie.

Cornish saffron buns II by Liz Posmyk Good Things  1/2 teaspoon saffron strands 1 tablespoon hot water 3 2/3 C baker's flour, sifted 1/4 teaspoon mixed spice 1/3 C butter, diced, at room temperature 1/2 C currants 1/2 C  chopped candied peel 3/4 C milk 1/4 C  sugar 1 3/4 tsp dried yeast 1 teaspoon sugar, extra 1 egg, lightly whisked

Cornish saffron buns

Cornwall and saffron, saffron buns, Cornish baking, Cornish saffron buns, saffron bread, saffron cake, saffron brioche, baking with saffron, English baking, English favourites, Hot Cross Buns the Cornish Way, Stein's Patisserie Padstow, Easter Buns in Cor

The quick and easy to make Cornish Pasty is a much-loved part of the British culinary heritage. It is as happy in a lunch box as a main course dish.

10 Steps to the Perfect Cornish Pasty

This is a traditional recipe for Cornish pasty, a pocket meal that combines beef and vegetables in a shortcut pastry that is baked until golden brown.

Cornish Pasties - moist and tender traditional hand pies filled with steak, onion, potato and swede (rutabaga)

Cornish Pasty

Cornish Pasties with tender peppery chunks of beef mixed with melt-in-your-mouth vegetables, all wrapped up in buttery golden pastry.

SAFFRON CAKE: The queen of all Cornish cakes, instantly recognisable as part of Cornish culture and cuisine and much loved by everyone Cornish. Within my trusty 1920s Cornish recipe book there are about ten versions. Most I discard immediately, all have to be halved or quartered as our forebears made huge cakes! In the end I appropriately plumped for the recipe from the Falmouth area.

Recipes from a Cornish Kitchen

Cornish recipes, ancient and modern. Practical, simple baking and cookery. All recipes in use, tried and tested! No frills photos, taken on my basic Canon PowerShot, in my own kitchen.

"Cornish Saffron Buns" from Cookstr.com #cookstr

Cornish Saffron Buns

Saffron gives these fruit buns a light golden color and a subtle spicy flavor. Good with butter.

Patisserie Makes Perfect - Learning French patisserie one recipe at a time...

Want to know how to bake with beer? | Patisserie Makes Perfect

·
7 reviews
·
4.5 hours
·

Cornish Saffron Buns made with St Austell Brewery Proper Job beer. This is a delicious bun that would be a perfect alternative to hot cross buns.

Cornish Stargazey Pie, a Tradition, made on Tom Bawcock’s Eve held in Mousehole Cornwall.

How to cook and make traditional Cornish Star Gazy Pie at Cornish Links

How to Cook and Make Traditional Cornish Recipes - Star Gazy Pie at Cornish Links

Intro to Cornish Food and Drink: Cornish Sardines aka Scrowlers

Intro to Cornish Food and Drink

Cornwall is renowned for its great and diverse food, it is certainly more than pasties.

Stargazey Pie. A traditional Cornish dish with pilchard heads sticking out gazing up at the stars.

Stargazey Pie

Stargazey Pie. A traditional Cornish dish with pilchard heads sticking out gazing up at the stars.

Cornish Hevva Cake is made from flour, lard, butter, milk, sugar and raisins and originated in Cornwall.  Its name is derived from the Pilchard industry in Cornwall prior to the 20th century when a 'huer' (cliff top lookout) helped locate shoals of fish. The huer would shout 'Hevva!, Hevva!' to alert the boats to the location of the pilchard shoals. Cornish tradition states that Hevva cake was baked by the huers on their return to their homes, it being ready by the time they returned to…

Tutte le ricette | Cookaround

Scopri tutti gli ingredienti e i consigli utili per preparare le migliori ricette in modo facile e veloce

Saffron buns from Cornwall, England, United Kingdom (also known as revel buns & tea treat buns)

Saffron, tin mines and an accident – Fresh from the oven

What have the two things in the picture below got in common? When I visit a bakery in Devon or Cornwall I often see currant-studded, golden, saffron buns. They are bright yellow and sunny (a bit of food colouring enhances this in bakeries!) and perfect for summer tea-time or even for breakfast as they are…

'SAFFRON & CURRANTS': learn the background of saffron in Cornwall and elsewhere; good recipes, rules to follow when using saffron, use of currants and the famous Pellowe Pasty. Soft cover, 5x8, 52 pages.

'SAFFRON & CURRANTS': learn the background of saffron in Cornwall and elsewhere; good recipes, rules to follow when using saffron, use of currants and the famous Pellowe Pasty. Soft cover, 5x8, 52 pages.

Cornish saffron buns, just like my Granny used to make.

Cornish saffron buns, just like my Granny used to make.

Proper Job (Cornish Beer) Cornish Saffron Buns | Patisserie Makes Perfect

Want to know how to bake with beer? | Patisserie Makes Perfect

·
7 reviews
·
4.5 hours
·

Cornish Saffron Buns made with St Austell Brewery Proper Job beer. This is a delicious bun that would be a perfect alternative to hot cross buns.

Saffron Cake Recipe, Homemade Saffron Recipe from Scratch - MissHomemade.com

Best Cornish Pasty Recipe and Saffron | MissHomemade.com

You will treasure this Cornish Pasty Recipe as much as I do. Many Cornish recipes

Cornish Saffron Cake - a traditional Cornish Food in #Cornwall

Intro to Cornish Food and Drink

Cornwall is renowned for its great and diverse food, it is certainly more than pasties.

Cornish Saffron Bread - just slather on the unsalted butter and feast!

Cornish Saffron Cake

Cornish Saffron Cake Slices of Cornish Saffron Cake In the South West of England such as Cornwall, spices have been used in baking and...

Cornish saffron festival loaf recipe. You can make 6 individual buns of this rich cake, instead of a whole loaf if you like.

Saffron loaf recipe | delicious. magazine

delicious. editor Karen Barnes' stunning saffron loaf is buttercup yellow and makes a gorgeous weekend breakfast treat, served with a hot cup of coffee.

The traditional Cornish Saffron cake has been made for generations. This age-old recipe uses the delicate spice saffron to flavour the fruit bread. Make as one loaf or divide into individual buns. Serve for dessert or along with a cup of tea. Let … Continued

Valley Resorts for luxury holiday lodge sales and holidays - Valley Resorts for luxury holiday homes lodges and holidays at Leycroft Valley St Merryn Park Towan Valley

Valley Resorts for luxury holiday lodge sales and holidays. With a selection of holiday lodges for sale or for holidays, you will find something to meet your needs and budgets.

Cornish saffron buns

CORNISH SAFFRON BUNS

I am definitely starting to feel the chill in the weather now, although I have it on good authority that it is not yet as nippy as it is back home, which is of

This recipe has been in my family for generations.  It was used by my mother and grandmother before me.  Saffron has become almost prohib...

Saffron Buns

This recipe has been in my family for generations. It was used by my mother and grandmother before me. Saffron has become almost prohib...

Classic Cornish Pasties. The pasty's best known association stems from the 1800s when it evolved to meet the needs of the Cornish tin miners. The pasty was a complete, hand-held hot meal, usually consisting of meat, potato, onion and swede in a pastry casing. More

Cornish Pasties

Classic Cornish Pasties. The pasty's best known association stems from the 1800s when it evolved to meet the needs of the Cornish tin miners. The pasty was a complete, hand-held hot meal, usually consisting of meat, potato, onion and swede in a pastry casing. More

The English Kitchen: The Great Cornish Pasty - meat and potatoes

The Great Cornish Pasty

We had such a fabulous sunny day here today! Perfect eating outdoors day. The Missionaries came over and helped Todd to trim the hedge...

Traditional Cornish Pasty and the Perfect Cornish Pasty Recipe

10 Steps to the Perfect Cornish Pasty

This is a traditional recipe for Cornish pasty, a pocket meal that combines beef and vegetables in a shortcut pastry that is baked until golden brown.

Crimping Cornish pasties

Jamie Oliver | Official website for recipes, books, tv shows and restaurants

JamieOliver.com is your one stop shop for everything Jamie Oliver including delicious and healthy recipes inspired from all over the world, helpful food tube videos and much more.

Cornish Miners' Pasties

Cornish Miners' Pasties

These are SO good, I really should make them more than once a year! Upper Michigan (USA) has several small towns that were originally populated by Cornish miners who worked the mines there. Walking down Main Street in these towns will usually take you past a mom-n-pop cafe' where you can buy a pasty similar to this recipe. This makes 6 LARGE or 8 MEDIUM pasties--adjust the water** & butter depending on the size you choose. Recipe Recipe #230316 will complete your trip down a Cornwall…

Tea Treats

Tea Treats

Cornish Tea Treats. Tea treats are special outings or trips organised by various groups in Cornwall. Throughout Cornwall, many churches and chapels, towns and villages have celebrated an annual get…

Cornish Pasties

Cornish Pasties

Cornwall is world famous for its pasties. A pasty is a form of free form pie folded so that it is self supporting. Despite Cornwall’s fame for its pasties they were in fact once eaten across …

Cornish Pies

Cornish Pies

The Cornish were for many years as famous for their pies as they were their pasties. Pies formed an important part of the diet of anyone Cornish person and were especially popular at times of celeb…

Cornish Pilchards

Cornish Pichards

Cornish Pilchards, also known as sardines outside of Cornwall, Pilchards are small oily fish from the herring family. Sardines are an important part of Cornish Cuisince and were for centuries a sta…

Mineral Point, WI

This little town is considered part of the Madison metro area.

The Fascinating Town In Wisconsin That Is Straight Out Of A Fairy Tale

From the opera house to the mine, there's so much interesting to see and learn about and you'll feel like singing with animals the whole time you're there!

Pendarvis became a Wisconsin historic site in 1970, and has been operating as a historic site interpreting the history of Cornish settlement in Wisconsin's lead-mining heyday.

What's Included in a Group Tour? - Pendarvis

Pendarvis became a Wisconsin historic site in 1970, and has been operating as a historic site interpreting the history of Cornish settlement in Wisconsin's lead-mining heyday.

Fall Art Tour - Mineral Point | Spring Green Dodgeville | Baraboo

The third full weekend each October, some of Wisconsin's best-known artisans open their studios, allowing visitors a unique, behind-the-scenes view.

Red Rooster Cafe

RED ROOSTER CAFE, Mineral Point - Menu, Prices & Restaurant Reviews - Tripadvisor

Red Rooster Cafe, Mineral Point: See 154 unbiased reviews of Red Rooster Cafe, rated 4 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #3 of 13 restaurants in Mineral Point.

Cornwall/Cornish

Some awesome photos of Camborne, Cornwall.

Everyday life in Cornwall captured in the 19th century – in pictures

A portfolio of more than 1,500 images of Cornwall are to be sold at Penzance Auction House with an estimate of £25,000. This rare collection of photographs depict the ordinary lives of Cornish men and women from the 19th and early 20th century

CORNISH IDENTITY: 'rests on three foundations. First, there’s a package of behaviours, attitudes and attributes associated with being "Cornish". Second, there’s the Cornish language. Third, there’s our history. Not the past, which doesn’t change. But the stories told about that past, which do. In recent years, some have been become more forthright in arguing that the history of the Cornish is a history of struggle against external power.' ✫ღ⊰n

The Cornish identity

The Cornish identity rests on three foundations. First, there’s a package of behaviours, attitudes and attributes associated with being ‘Cornish’. For example these might include a fondness for some types of music – male voice choirs for those of a certain age; ‘Celtic’ song and dance for another a tendency to prefer the rugby code…

About the Cornish Language – Cornish Culture

About the Cornish Language

Cornish is a Celtic language closely related to Breton and Welsh spoken mainly in Cornwall and more distantly related to Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic and Manx. Cornish started to diverge from Wels…

Native American History

Black Hawk War

Black Hawk War | United States history

Black Hawk War, brief but bloody war from April to August 1832 between the United States and Native Americans led by Black Hawk (Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak), a 65-year-old Sauk warrior who in early April led some 1,000 Sauk, Fox, and Kickapoo men, women, and children, including about 500 warriors,

Black Hawk's trail

Black Hawk's trail through southwest Wisconsin in 1832

A sorry episode in U.S. history is recounted along the scenic byways of southwest Wisconsin.

Material Culture

Collection | Manchester Art Gallery

Collection | Manchester Art Gallery

Collection | Manchester Art Gallery

Miscellaneous

Jefferson, WI | Activities & More | Travel Wisconsin

Jefferson, WI | Activities & More | Travel Wisconsin

Jefferson is at the intersection of the Rock and Crawfish Rivers. The community has a strong German heritage and celebrates this through many festivals.

Moe Howard haircut

A Tribute to Moe Howard of the Three Stooges

Neatorama presents a guest post from actor, comedian, and voiceover artist Eddie Deezen. Visit Eddie at his website. This article was selected for what would have been Moe Howard's 116th birthday. Moe Howard, the face-slapping, eye-poking leader of the Three Stooges was born Moses Horwitz on June 19, 1897, in Bensonhurst, New York. Early in his youth he got the nickname "Moe" and adopted the middle name Harry. Moe was the fourth of five sons born to Solomon and Jennie Horwitz. Brother Samuel…

Gibson Girl

The Gibson Girl Look - Myth or Reality | Glamour Daze

The Gibson Girl, the idealized Edwardian pin up illustrations of Charles Dana Gibson cemented the Edwardian style myth of nipped waists

Dan Raymo's car

Dan Raymo's car

Rex Harrison as Henry Higgins

My Fair Lady "I've Grown Accustomed To Her Face" With Ending

****I DO NOT OWN THIS VIDEO. ALL RIGHTS GO TO THE RESPECTIVE OWNERS AND MAKERS OF THIS FILM. THIS IS JUST FOR FUN. I HAVE NO CREDIT TOWARDS THIS VIDEO.****

TIN MINING | Cornwall: Cigarette card including map of Cornwall and illustration of mining ✫ღ⊰n

Cornwall, tin mining.

One of hundreds of thousands of free digital items from The New York Public Library.

A typical Cornish pasty contains Beef, Swede, Potato, Onion and a peppery seasoning and is thought to bring in around £300million every year to their local economy.

A typical Cornish pasty contains Beef, Swede, Potato, Onion and a peppery seasoning and is thought to bring in around £300million every year to their local economy.

Women were forbidden to go down the mines in Victorian times, but could be employed in equally heavy industry on the pit face. These two were from Wigan, England and photographed in a studio wearing work clothes c1860

Studio carte de visite portrait of Wigan pit brow lasses, 1860-70.

Flickr is almost certainly the best online photo management and sharing application in the world. Show off your favorite photos and videos to the world, securely and privately show content to your friends and family, or blog the photos and videos you take with a cameraphone.

Pit brow lasses, 1890 | Ref no: m60807 | Manchester Archives+ | Flickr

Pit brow lasses, 1890

Ref no: m60807

Collection | Manchester Art Gallery

Collection | Manchester Art Gallery

Collection | Manchester Art Gallery

Image of a Cornish Miner

Life of a Cornish Miner

RootsWeb - the Internet's oldest and largest FREE genealogical community. An award winning genealogical resource with searchable databases, free Web space, mailing lists, message boards, and more.

Bal Maidens |

Bal Maidens

Many of the Chloe Ellefson mysteries, which are set in the 1980s, include a plotline set further in the past as well. The 8th adventure, Mining For Justice, features Cornish immigrants who arrived in Mineral Point, Wisconsin, in the 1830s. Most were mining families, attracted by news of lead deposits in the southwestern part of…

Some awesome photos of Camborne, Cornwall.

Everyday life in Cornwall captured in the 19th century – in pictures

A portfolio of more than 1,500 images of Cornwall are to be sold at Penzance Auction House with an estimate of £25,000. This rare collection of photographs depict the ordinary lives of Cornish men and women from the 19th and early 20th century

Underground photography by J.C.Burrow, Cornwall.

Underground photography by J.C.Burrow, Cornwall.

King Edward tin and copper mine, Camborne, Cornwall, 1904  from National Archives.

King Edward tin and copper mine, Camborne, Cornwall, 1904 from National Archives.

That was the West that was... Bal Maidens

News - Latest news from Devon and the UK - Devon Live

Get the latest news from Devon and around the UK. Breaking news & headlines, live blogs, video, pictures and in-depth comment & analysis from the Devon Live news team.

BAL MAIDENS' BONNETS | Cornwall: Including the style of 'gugh' associated with West Penwith (upper left) ✫ღ⊰n

BAL MAIDENS' BONNETS | Cornwall: Including the style of 'gugh' associated with West Penwith (upper left) ✫ღ⊰n

BAL MAIDENS SPALLING AND LOADING ORE WAGON (1880) | Carn Brea, Cornwall: Harpers Magazine (1881)     ✫ღ⊰n

BAL MAIDENS SPALLING AND LOADING ORE WAGON (1880) | Carn Brea, Cornwall: Harpers Magazine (1881) ✫ღ⊰n

Image of illustrated notepaper published by Rock & Co

Queries 2009/10

The Ephemera Society is concerned with the collection, preservation, study and educational uses of printed and hand-written ephemera

'TOWSER' | Cornwall: Cornish dialect for a bal maiden's apron. 'What these women wore was quite distinctive, instead of a long dress, they wore calf length skirts which made it easier for them to work and some women, probably the younger girls liked to wear petticoats underneath, topped with a blouse and an apron. These women wore a bonnet, called a Gook, which protected them from both the rain and the sun, and to protect their feet they wore strong wooden soled boots.' ✫ღ⊰n

'TOWSER' | Cornwall: Cornish dialect for a bal maiden's apron. 'What these women wore was quite distinctive, instead of a long dress, they wore calf length skirts which made it easier for them to work and some women, probably the younger girls liked to wear petticoats underneath, topped with a blouse and an apron. These women wore a bonnet, called a Gook, which protected them from both the rain and the sun, and to protect their feet they wore strong wooden soled boots.' ✫ღ⊰n