Cynthia Ann Parker was kidnapped at age nine by Comanche's who massacred her family. She lived with them for 24 years, forgetting her white ways. She married Chief Peta Nocona and had 3 children including Quanah Parker. Rescued at age 34 by Texas rangers but for 10 yrs refused to adjust to white ways. She escaped once only to be "rescued" again. Heartbroken over the loss of her husband and children she stopped eating and died of influenza in 1870.
Viola Jimulla (1878–1966) was the Chief of the Prescott Yavapai tribe. She became Chief when her husband, who was also a Chief of the tribe, died in an accident in 1940. She remained Chief until her death. She was known for improving living conditions, and for her work with the Presbyterian Church.
"The Powhatan Confederacy comprised 30 tribes living along Virginia's coastal plain. Chief Wahunsonacock, called Powhatan by Captain John Smith, united the tribes to form the Powhatan Confederacy. At the time of Smith's appearance in Virginia, the Powhatans numbered about 12,000 people. Tribes of the Powhatan Confederacy are called Algonquian because their languages were based on a large Native American language group called Algonquin."
Powhatan Stone - Inscription: An old Indian stone removed from and now overlooking “Powhatan Seat” a royal residence of King Powhatan when Captain John Smith and his fellow “Adventurers” made the first permanent English settlement in this country at Jamestown, Virginia 1607. “Powhatan Seat” was the residence from 1726-1865 of the ancestors of Peter H. Mayo by whose daughters this stone was presented to the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities.
~An orphan born on a Winnebago reservation in Nebraska, Henry Roe Cloud 1884–1950, was the first Native American to earn a degree from Yale. He earned both his bachelor’s and master’s degrees there, and most significantly, according to the Yale press release, “devoted his life to promoting the self-identity and well-being of fellow American Indians.”~ #winnebago
"In 1967, Betty Mae Jumper became the first woman elected chair of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. She was the first woman to lead a major Native American tribe in the 20th century United States. Jumper was among the first Florida Seminoles to earn a high school diploma. She trained as a nurse and helped provide healthcare among the Seminoles, scattered in numerous camps from Indian River County to the Tamiami Trail."--State Library & Archives of Florida, on Flickr Commons