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Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American women to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles,

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Changed the world--A quality of courage that's hard to imagine.Elizabeth Eckford (1941- ) is the most famous of the Little Rock Nine, the first nine black students to go to Little Rock Central High School in the American state of Arkansas. She is not a household name but the picture taken by Will Counts of her going to school that first day, on September 4th 1957, with whites shouting at her, is world famous.

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I am at once a physician, a citizen and a woman, and I am not willing to stand aside and allow this concept of expendable human lives to turn this great land of ours into just another exclusive reservation where only the perfect, the privileged and the planned have the right to live. - Dr. Mildred Jefferson (1926-2010) The first Black woman to graduate from Harvard Medical School

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Feb 28 Anna Julia Haywood Cooper "Religion must be life made true," she wrote in A Voice from the South, "and life is action, growth, development - begin now and end never. And life made true cannot confine itself - it must reach out..." Cooper received degrees from Oberlin College and a Ph.D. from Paris' Sorbonne at age 65. She was the 4th African-American woman to receive a Ph.D. She died at age 104 having devoted her life to scholarship and advocacy for African-Americans.

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“Stagecoach” Mary Fields (c. 1832-1914) was born a slave in Tennessee and following the Civil War, she moved to the pioneer community of Cascade, Montana. In 1895, when she was around 60 years old, Fields became the second woman and first African American carrier for the US Postal Service. Despite her age, she never missed a day of work in the ten years she carried the mail and earned the nickname “Stagecoach” for her reliability. Fields loved the job, despite the many...

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