Nashville I style gorget Castalian Springs Mound Site HRoe 2012CC BY-SA 3.0 Herb Roe, www.chromesun.com - Own work Nashville I style gorget found by Myers A Mississippian culture Nashville I style shell gorget found by William Myer at the Castalian Springs Mound Site in Sumner County, Tennessee and now part of the collection of the National Museum of the American Indian
This famous "human sacrifice" effigy pipe from Spiro illustrates militaristic aspects of Mississippian life.The warrior figure leans over the crouching body of a victim and smashes his face with a war club. The item shown here is cast of the original, which has a height of about 24 centimeters (9.5 inches). Courtesy Robert Bell and the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History.
Incised representation on whelk shell of human (male) figure in elaborate sash and breechclout grasping a staff with either avian or reptilian creatures--or a combination of both--wrapped or bundled around the staff. This figure may be perched at the bow of a large canoe, as there are other largely fragmentary representations (see above) of similar figures paddling such canoes.